5 Hairless Dog Breeds

Josie F. Turner
By Josie F. Turner, Journalist specialized in Animal Welfare. January 17, 2017
5 Hairless Dog Breeds

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Did you know that most popular hairless dog breeds come from South America? The famous Peruvian Hairless dog originates from there, and despite their name, it is also suspected to be the birthplace of the Chinese crested dog.

Hairless dog breeds are highly regarded by people suffering from allergies. They also have the advantage of not having fleas or other unwelcome guests on their coat. However, some of them may have small sections of hair in certain parts of their body.

This AnimalWised article will go over the most popular 5 hairless dog breeds. They are quite unusual-looking - you may be surprised at what you see! It should also be pointed out that there may be random cases of hairless dogs due to a genetic mutation in any breed, but that is very rare.

You may also be interested in: Top 10 Unique Cat Breeds
  1. Chinese Crested Dog
  2. Peruvian Hairless Dog
  3. Argentine Pila Dog
  4. American Hairless Terrier
  5. Mexican Hairless Dog

Chinese Crested Dog

The Chinese crested dog is also known as the Crested or the Puff. You've probably seen one, since this hairless breed looks really different to other dogs and for some time became very popular on the Internet. There are two varieties of Chinese crested dog, the "Hairless" and the "Powderpuff".

Despite what it sounds like, even Hairless Chinese crested dogs are not completely hairless, as you can see tufts of hair on their head and legs. However, the skin on their body is soft and smooth, similar to that of human beings. Powderpuff Chinese crested dogs do have hair all over their body, long and extremely soft.

The Chinese crested dog is a small breed, weighing between 4.5 and 7 kg (10 to 16 lb), and has a really affectionate and loyal nature. They may appear somewhat shy and nervous but overall, if you socialize them well, you will enjoy a very social and active dog.

5 Hairless Dog Breeds - Chinese Crested Dog
5 Hairless Dog Breeds -

Peruvian Hairless Dog

Although it is generally known as the Peruvian Hairless dog, this breed has a variety of names including Perro Sin Pelo de Perú, Inca Hairless Dog, Viringo, Peruvian Inca Orchid or Calato. It is one of the oldest dog breeds in the world, as depictions of similar dogs appear on objects from the 8th Century AD.

As is the case with the Chinese Crested dog, Peruvian Hairless dogs can be born with or without hair. Some dogs of this breed also have some hair on their head. Unfortunately, and because of the popularity of the variety without body hair, certified breeders are increasingly choosing to ignore the coated variety of the Peruvian Hairless breed. This practice means that future generations may suffer serious genetic problems because of inbreeding.

However, the hairless variety is perfect for those suffering from serious allergies and it also prevents the dog from suffering from a flea infestation.

5 Hairless Dog Breeds - Peruvian Hairless Dog

Argentine Pila Dog

In terms of appearance, the Argentine Pila breed is very similar to the Peruvian Hairless and Mexican Hairless dogs. These hairless dogs can come in three sizes: small, medium and large. While some Argentine Pila dogs are totally devoid of hair, others have real strands often worn in unique hairstyles.

Although Argentine Pila dogs have particularly long lives and can live for up to 20 years, they require frequent care and application of protective hypoallergenic creams. They are very sociable and loving and you can enjoy practicing active exercise with them, which is something they love.

Here you can learn more about Argentinian dog breeds.

5 Hairless Dog Breeds - Argentine Pila Dog

American Hairless Terrier

This beautiful dog is a descendant of the Rat Terrier. It is more muscular and stronger than the hairless dog breeds mentioned above but is not particularly large in size. In fact, American Hairless Terriers are quite small. They are excellent pets, very playful and active. You will need keep your American Hairless Terrier warm with clothes for small dogs.

Their skin has white shades which can be combined with grey, black, red, gold and pink. Due to the light color of their exposed skin, American Hairless Terriers may suffer from the intensity of the sun a little, so you need protect them.

5 Hairless Dog Breeds - American Hairless Terrier
5 Hairless Dog Breeds -

Mexican Hairless Dog

The Mexican Hairless dog, also called Xoloitzcuintli or Xolo, looks very similar to the Peruvian Hairless or the Argentine Pila dogs. They come in three sizes: toy, medium and large.

There is a mythological aura surrounding this ancient breed, since in the past it was believed that Mexican Hairless dogs accompanied the dead to the underworld. In fact, when the owner died the dog used to be sacrificed and was buried by their side. This was considered a sacred practice, and you can see it depicted in art from that time.

The Mexican Hairless dog is a very sweet and loving breed that will amaze anyone who decides to adopt one. Their faithful character makes them very popular in their country, especially among Mexican canine federations, who were the ones who continued the breed when it was about to disappear. Nowadays the Xolo is the national dog of Mexico.

5 Hairless Dog Breeds - Mexican Hairless Dog
5 Hairless Dog Breeds -

These are 5 hairless dog breeds that can be excellent companions for people suffering from allergies. What are your favorites?

If you want to read similar articles to 5 Hairless Dog Breeds, we recommend you visit our Comparisons category.


  • Wrap your hairless dog up against extreme cold
  • Regularly check and protect their skin
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