What to Feed a Pet Fox

What to Feed a Pet Fox

Pet foxes are a rarity, although many people want the novelty of caring for one. As we explained in our article on foxes as pets, the fact remains that the best home for foxes is the wild. Although they make for interesting pets, it is always necessary to check whether you can keep one based on the laws in your country or state. There have been very rare cases of foxes abandoning their young and farms taking care of these wild ones.

No matter your circumstances, you must always care for your pet fox with dedication and commitment. In order to help you, here at AnimalWised we'll teach you what to feed a pet fox. Foxes are omnivorous by nature; you should opt for a balanced diet that includes vitamins, minerals and other nutrients in addition to vegetables and meats.

Protein-rich meals work well

In the wild, foxes hunt for small animals, especially rodents. From the very start, foxes are trained in hunting techniques to move quickly and catch their prey. In captivity, a pet fox should be given protein-rich meals with taurine.

A natural diet for a pet fox would include mice, small rats, and rodents. Fennec foxes are typically associated with a diet of mice and smaller rodents, while red or Siberian foxes can even devour a small rabbit. Regardless of the source of protein, the fact remains that foxes need meat.

Insects can also prove to be a good source to feed a pet fox. These include grasshoppers, crickets, beetles and mealworms. Larger insects may also be available to pet owners for feeding their fox; ask your local pet shop.

The debate on raw meat

There is a debate about whether you should feed raw meat to a pet fox. If you do opt for this kind of diet, you must make sure that you are feeding them whole prey items. This includes entire chicks, rabbits, mice, and squirrels, in keeping with the protein content foxes get in the wild. Rather than just a breast or a thigh piece, foxes need the entire carcass to benefit from the unique protein nutrients.

Fruits and vegetables for pet foxes

As we said before, foxes are omnivorous animals; fruits and vegetables supplement their meals, both in the wild and when kept as pets. Foxes prefer their veggies bite-sized, and they shouldn't eat too many of them. If you have a small pet fox, give them only a few teaspoons' worth of fruits and vegetables; if your pet fox is big, five them a few tablespoons.

Foxes are fond of apples, berries, cherries, persimmons and plums. However, they should not be given grapes or raisins because they can cause kidney damage. All in all, you shouldn't give too many fruits to your pet fox; use them as treats instead.

Cereals are a no-no

Foxes do not eat any kind of grains. Avoid feeding your pet fox foods like wheat, rice, oats and other cereals. These rich, refined simple or complex carbs can damage the fox's health.

A pet fox needs to stick as close to their natural diet as can be. Your pet may have a taste for sweets and other human foods, but the fact remains that fresh proteins are the best choice for them.

Vitamins and supplements for a pet fox

Taurine is a critical part of the diet of foxes. This organic compound can be found in animal tissue, but it can also be found in grain-less dog food. While smaller foxes need around 500 mg of taurine per day, larger foxes will require more; ask your vet for the exact amount to ensure your pet fox stays healthy.

Bear in mind that dog kibble does not contain enough taurine to meet the needs of the fox. Meat is easier for foxes to digest than dry dog feed. It also has a healthier ratio of oil and fat content as opposed to the latter. Rodents, insects and small amounts of veggies will give all the nutrition your pet fox needs.

Forbidden foods for foxes

Generally, leaves, fruits, bark, and seeds are rich in the toxin persin, which can create problems in breathing and cause fluid accumulation in vital organs such as the heart. A 150 mg dose of caffeine per kilogram of body weight can be fatal; always keep caffeine away from your pet fox.

Another strict no-no is chocolate, which contains a substance called theobromine that can poison animals. It is a well-known fact that dogs cannot eat chocolate; the same applies to foxes, as dark chocolate can cause seizures, coma and even death. Discover why can't dogs eat chocolate to understand how it affects their organism.

Grapes and raisins can cause vomiting, kidney damage and hypercalcemia in foxes. Trace amounts of glycoalkaloids in tomatoes, pepper or eggplant can also damage the well-being of your fox.

Other foods to avoid

Green potatoes are rich in solanine, chaconine, and glycoalkaloids, which raise the toxin levels of the body. The flesh of the tuber has elevated toxins which can harm your pet fox. Another source of toxins are the leaves, stems, and berries of tomato plants. Macadamia nuts and walnuts can also cause weakness, vomiting, and tremors.

Onion, garlic, and chives should also be avoided, as they belong to the genus Allium which can create a toxic reaction for your pet fox. Why is this so? They include a sulfur compound called disulfide that if eaten in large quantities can damage red blood cells. Dehydrated foods and meats should be avoided.

What to feed a pet fox

All in all, the best diet for a pet fox is similar to that of a cat or a dog, although you must take into account that fennec foxes have a higher need for taurine as often found in cat food. High quality and a nutritionally complete commercially sold food is not a bad idea, but many people feel natural is the best way to go.

The best route for domesticated foxes is a complex issue, as keeping foxes as pets is not all that recommended. Diet is a complex issue and there needs to be variety to ensure your fox is a healthy, happy and strong pet.

Do you have any tips on what to feed a pet fox? Have you ever had a fox as a pet? Tell us all in the comments section!

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