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Can Rabbits Eat Lettuce?

 
By Anaƫlle Sikich. May 3, 2020
Can Rabbits Eat Lettuce?

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Rabbits are herbivorous animals. Their diet is solely and exclusively based on the consumption of foods of plant origin, such as fresh fruits and vegetables. However, it's not uncommon to have certain doubts about their diet.

For example, what kind of lettuce can rabbits eat? Can rabbits even eat lettuce? In this AnimalWised article we are going to answer all of your questions.

You may also be interested in: How much Food Should a Rabbit Eat?

Can rabbits eat lettuce?


There are many types of lettuce: romain, red leaf, butter, iceberg, etc. Lettuce is a great source of vitamin K, vitamin A, fibre and carbs. But, can rabbits eat lettuce? In short, yes they can and it's a great addition to their diet.

Rabbits need to consume leafy green vegetables, such as most types of lettuce, as it provides them with a series of essential nutrients such as vitamin A, K, E, as well as iron, calcium, potassium, etc.

Nevertheless, your rabbit will need a balanced herbivorous diet. This means that you can feed them certain types of lettuce at a small rate. Rabbits shouldn't be given too much lettuce. It's best to give them small amounts of a variety of fruits and vegetables. Also, remember to slowly introduce a new food into their diet so they can well adapt to it.

It should also be said that we must prioritise quality over quantity when it comes to feeding our rabbit. Go for local organic food when possible and always be careful not to change their diet overnight. Rabbits can be very delicate animals and a big change in their diet will have a direct impact on their health and thus on their behavior.

What kind of lettuce can rabbits eat?

As we've previously mentioned, rabbits can eat certain types of lettuce. This implies there's at least one kind of lettuce that rabbits cannot eat, and that one is iceberg lettuce. Although many may think that all lettuce is the same, this is simply not true. They vary in color, texture and nutritional properties.

So, why can't rabbits eat iceberg lettuce? It's discouraged to give rabbits iceberg lettuce because this type of lettuce contains laudanum. This is a substance that can damage a rabbit's organism at certain concentrations. In other words, if you gave your rabbit iceberg lettuce once by accident, this shouldn't be a problem. However, if you incorporate it into their everyday diet, this can bring consequences to their health.

Therefore, it's best to opt for other lettuce, such as romaine, red leaf, arugula, butter, etc. In fact, it's best to go for dark green leafy vegetables because they offer more nutritional value. You can offer them a handful of varied leafy green vegetables and weeds, as well as other fruits and vegetables to complete their diet.

To learn more, read our article on caring for a rabbit.

Can Rabbits Eat Lettuce? - What kind of lettuce can rabbits eat?

Nutritional properties of lettuce for rabbits

Lettuce has been somewhat controversial among rabbit nutrition experts as its properties have been questioned. This disagreement is due to the fact that different types of lettuce contain a substance called lactucarium. This is a liquid in the lettuce that has analgesic effects, but also sedatives. Therefore, excessive consumption causes a lot of drowsiness and lethargy in animals.

Although it shouldn't be the sole base of your rabbit's diet, it is still a great addition thanks to its nutritional properties. These include:

  • Hydrating: like other vegetables, lettuce has a high composition of water which is a great way to hydrate your rabbit while they receive other nutritional values in vitamins and minerals.
  • Vitamins: lettuce is high in vitamin A, vitamin K, vitamin C, Folates and more.
  • Minerals: lettuce is high in calcium, magnesium, iron and zinc.
  • Electrolytes: lettuce is also a great source of potassium.
  • Fibre: lettuce also offers good nutritional value when it comes to fibre, helping in digestion.
  • Carbs: lettuce has a good concentration of carbohydrates that will give your rabbit the energy they need.

So, what type of lettuce is best for rabbits? In terms of nutritional value, it's best to provide them with dark leafy lettuce as these offer the highest concentration of nutrients. However, it's important to mention that although lettuce offers many vitamins and minerals, other vegetables offer a higher concentration in nutritional values. Therefore, lettuce is a great addition to their diet but shouldn't be the base of a rabbit's diet.

How much lettuce can rabbits eat?

When adding a new food to your rabbit's diet, the incorporation must be progressive and measured. This way, you can observe your rabbit's behavior. This reduces the risk that the new food will unbalance your rabbit's intestinal system, causing them to have diarrhea.

When incorporating lettuce into your rabbit's diet, it's best to start with a small amount. Providing them with a large quantity for the first time may cause them to experience diarrhea. For some rabbits it can be mild, while for others it can be more serious. The first time you offer lettuce to your rabbit, it's best to give them half of a lettuce leaf or less. Then you can observe their behavior.

In general, it's recommended that rabbits eat at least one cup of vegetables a day for a body weight of around 2,2 - 4,4 lbs. In that cup of vegetables there should be at least 3 different vegetables. Remember to feed them many times a day with small amounts of fresh food.

Leafy vegetables list for rabbits

To provide our rabbit with the best nutrition, we must give them a diet rich in varied fruits and vegetables. We also need to keep in mind which ones aren't good for rabbits. In addition to most types of lettuce, you can also give other leafy greens to your rabbit. Here is a list of leafy vegetables you can offer your rabbit:

  • Alfalfa sprouts
  • Arugula
  • Basil
  • Beet greens
  • Bok choy
  • Broccoli greens
  • Brussel sprouts
  • Cabbage
  • Carrot tops
  • Celery
  • Cilantro
  • Collard greens
  • Dandelion greens
  • Dill leaves
  • Endive
  • Escarole
  • Fennel
  • Kale
  • Kohlrabi
  • Mint
  • Mustard greens
  • Parsley
  • Radicchio
  • Radish tops
  • Romaine lettuce
  • Spinach
  • Spring greens
  • Swiss chard
  • Turnip greens
  • Watercress
  • Wheatgrass

Remember to be careful in the quantities of certain foods as rabbits are very sensitive. Also keep in mind that cookies, nuts, seeds, grains and bread should never be fed to rabbits. Fruits can be fed in limited quantities. They should not be more than 1 - 2 tablespoons of high-fibre fresh fruit, such as apples, pears or berries, every 1 - 2 days. This is because the high sugar content in fruits can upset your rabbit's normal GI tract bacteria when given in excess.

Rabbits thrive on a high-fibre herbivorous diet. To learn more, we encourage you to read our article on poisonous food for rabbits.

Can Rabbits Eat Lettuce? - Leafy vegetables list for rabbits

Other FAQ about a rabbit's diet

We hope this information has been useful. If you've enjoyed this article, we encourage you to also check out:

If you want to read similar articles to Can Rabbits Eat Lettuce?, we recommend you visit our Healthy diets category.

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