My Cat Has Scabs - Skin Conditions in Cats
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If you see that your cat has scabs, it means you can see through to their skin. Unless you have a hairless cat, this is not a healthy sign. Any reason for hair loss in cats is worrying, but if you see wounds or scabs, there is particular cause for concern. Hopefully, you will have noticed at an early stage, but it is possible for some skin conditions in cats to go unnoticed for a short time. This will depend on many factors including the length of a cat's fur and the speed with which the skin problem progresses.
AnimalWised looks into skin conditions in cats by giving you the causes and background of these problems. We also provide pictures so you can have an idea of different scabs and how they correlate to different diseases.
Ringworm in cats
Perhaps the most well-known skin condition in cats, ringworm is equally feared. Part of the reason is because it is also a skin issue which can be contracted by humans. Unlike the name suggests, it is not a worm or parasite, but a type of fungal infection. These fungi create various types of lesions on the skin, the most typical is a rounded shape which looks like a coiled worm. It is usually accompanied by alopecia.
The cat will develop dry flaky skin which look like scabs. If they are able to reach the skin, they may scratch the area and cause a wound. The result may be scabs, although it is possible for scabs to form without scratching in acute cases.
Ringworm in cats is a particularly common skin condition in kittens. This is because they are more vulnerable and have not yet had the time to develop their resistance. A lowered immunity is the same reason why feral or street cats are more likely to have this condition. Both highlight the importance of maintain hygiene for your cat. To diagnose ringworm in cats, a Wood's lamp is used and treatment will require anti-fungal medication.
Flea allergy dermatitis
Dermatitis is another cutaneous disease which is frequently diagnosed in cats. It is also a skin condition in cats which has various types. Flea allergy dermatitis is, however, more direct in its name. It occurs as an allergic reaction to the saliva of fleas. Fleas will cause problems for any cat, but not every feline is specifically allergic. For those which are, even a single cite is enough to cause skin lesions. The cat will scratch the itch caused by the flea bite, meaning the most affected areas are the lumbosacral, perineal, abdominal, flank and neck areas.
The symptoms of flea allergy dermatitis usually intensify during flea season, although we sometimes don't spot them if the reactions are small. To avoid this skin disease in cats, it is essential we stick to a deworming calendar for all the animals in our home. We should also check for fleas when we brush our cat and disinfect shared living areas regularly.
Psychogenic alopecia in cats
This is a type of feline skin disease which results from a behavioral disorder. The hair loss is self-induced by excessive licking and grooming. It occurs because the cat is anxious, usually resulting from changes in their environment. This could be due to moving into a new home, the arrival of a new family member or any type of regular stressor. Alopecia (hair loss) can appear anywhere on the body its mouth can reach. In these cases, the treatment will stem from the cause of stress. If we cannot work out why the psychogenic alopecia is occurring, we can contact a feline ethologist.
When the cat grooms so much, they may cause the skin to break and develop wounds which may scab over. You will need to take the cat to the vet to both help discover the cause and to treat any wounds. Since human antiseptic can be toxic to cats, the vet should provide a feline friendly antiseptic.
Acne is associated with teenagers and feline acne has its kitty equivalent. Although it can occur at any age, it most commonly presents after the cat reaches sexual maturity. It presents with an inflammation under the shin, but can also appear on the lips. At the beginning there are black spots which can progress to pustules, infections, edema, enlargement of the nodes and acute itching. Many symptoms occur due to the complications of a secondary infection.
There is little understanding of the exact causes of feline acne. From a collated study of reports in 2003, several factors have been hypothesized including “poor grooming habits of individual cats, abnormal sebum production, hair cycle abnormalities, localized keritinization defect, stress, viral infections, immunosuppression, and allergies” may be at fault. Treatment will be prescribed by the veterinarian and will consist of topical treatment.
A complication of feline acne is the contact of the cat's chin with their feeding bowls. Plastic feeding bowls are believed to exacerbate feline acne and may even be a cause, so use good quality metal or ceramic feeding and water bowls.
Atopy in cats
Atopy is a term for hypersensitivity to different allergens that cause skin disease in cats. It is characterized by inflammation and itching of the skin which is known as atopic dermatitis. It usually appears in younger cats under the age of three. Its symptomatology is varied, but usually presents with signs of alopecia and open wounds where the dry skin breaks. Pruritus may result which means pus will be present. The combination of open wounds and pus will lead to various types of scabs, but none of them can be ignored.
Some cats suffering from atopic dermatitis may also have a respiratory problem which presents as a chronic cough, sneezing and maybe even conjunctivitis. Treatment is based on finding ways to control the itching. Atopic dermatitis is difficult to prevent as it is believed there is a core genetic element element at fault.
Solar dermatitis in cats
This skin condition in cats is caused by exposure to sunlight. It affects areas of the skin with less hair or even hairless areas as these parts are more exposed to the sun. The areas around the ears, nose, eyelids and lips are all particularly vulnerable. It will begin with hair loss, redness and skin peeling. If the exposure continues it will become acute and wounds and scabs appear. These lead to pain and scratching from the cat which can complicate the clinical picture.
In the case of the ears, tissues is lost and can generate into a squamous cell carcinoma, a form of malignant tumor. Avoid direct contact with the sun and use protection for hairless cats in the form of sun block and/or clothing.
Fibrosarcoma associated with injections
Occasionally, both injections for vaccination or intravenous medical treatment can trigger a neoplastic process. This is due to the irritants which these products may contain. In these feline skin condition, inflammation occurs at the injection site. This may lead to a subcutaneous mass which is not painful to the touch, but can lead to hair loss weeks and months after the injection.
As a type of malignant sarcoma, fibrosarcoma will need surgical removal. If the disease progresses, it may ulcerate leading to scabs. Unfortunately, the prognosis is not always good with this type of tumor and we need to be very careful. It is important to keep an eye on the injection site after your cat gets any type of injection.
Skin conditions in Persian cats
All the previous skin diseases mentioned in this article can affect any cat. However, due to their breed characteristics and genetic history, Persian cats are particularly prone to certain skin diseases. In the Persian cat breed, the following skin conditions stand out:
- Hereditary seborrhea: this can occur to a mild or intense degree. The mild form appears after 6 weeks of age. It occurs in the skin at the root of the hair. The follicle becomes infected and pimples occur. It is particularly abundant around the ears. Intense seborrhea can be seen after only 3 to 4 days of life and results in skin peeling, scabs and a foul odor. For treatment, anti-seborrhoeic shampoos are used.
- Idiopathic facial dermatitis: this is believed to be caused by a disorder of the sebaceous glands. It is characterized by a dark secretion that forms crust around the eyes, mouth and nose in young cats. The clinical picture is complicated by infections, itching of the face and neck and, frequently, otitis (ear inflammation). The treatment involves anti-inflammatory drugs and control of the symptoms.
This article is purely informative. AnimalWised does not have the authority to prescribe any veterinary treatment or create a diagnosis. We invite you to take your pet to the veterinarian if they are suffering from any condition or pain.
If you want to read similar articles to My Cat Has Scabs - Skin Conditions in Cats, we recommend you visit our Skin problems category.