Types of Retriever Dogs

By Josie F. Turner, Journalist specialized in Animal Welfare. Updated: January 19, 2017
Types of Retriever Dogs

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Retrievers were originally hunting dogs whose job was to collect the kill. That is, the different breeds of this type of dog were bred and trained to collect the game and bring it back to the hunter. Other breeds with similar roles included Pointers, Setters and Spaniels. This is why retrievers are also known as "collector" dogs.

The appearance of retriever dogs varies according to the particular breed in question, but in general they're strong, robust, medium-sized dogs with floppy ears and a great ability to learn and perform different functions. Here at AnimalWised we'll tell you all about the different types of retriever dogs.

What does

The original role of these dogs was to collect the game and deliver it to the hunter. Many breeds within this group, if not all, were employed to collect land birds and water birds, which is why there are some problems in clearly distinguishing between retrievers and water dogs.

The word "retriever"

The word "retriever" means "someone who recovers" or "someone who brings back". This word has became popular in many non-English speaking countries thanks to the huge popularity of the golden retriever and Labrador retriever.

This is why the term "retriever" is most commonly used in Spanish-speaking countries when referring to these dogs, even though "cobrador" would be more appropriate, for instance.

The Golden Retriever is a wonderful companion dog which is currently also used in different services, due to it being one of the world's smartest dogs. It can be an excellent rescue dog, sniffer dog or a loyal therapy dog.

Discover below the 6 different types of retriever dogs:

Types of Retriever Dogs - What does

1. Golden Retriever

The Golden Retriever is undoubtedly the most popular dog from the list of retrievers. It's 4th on the list of the world's smartest dogs, which means it's able to learn an endless number of commands and tricks. It's a sociable, quiet and very sweet dog, which is perfect for all types of families.

Types of Retriever Dogs - 1. Golden Retriever

2. Labrador Retriever

Very close to the golden retriever, we find the Labrador retriever, another really popular dog which is known across the world. It is found in three different colors: black, chocolate and gold. This dog is very loyal and playful - perfect for people with an active lifestyle.

Types of Retriever Dogs - 2. Labrador Retriever

3. Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever

The Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever is a dog which is easy to train due to its instinctive predisposition and cleverness. It's a very enthusiastic and cheerful dog that requires lots of physical activity. It's ideal for rural surroundings, since it might feel frustrated in a city, and it loves water. Among all the retrievers, it's the smallest breed.

Types of Retriever Dogs - 3. Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever

4. Flat-Coated Retriever

The Flat-Coated Retriever is a really gentle, docile and quiet dog which loves spending time with family. Even though this dog has a relaxed character, exercise is very important to prevent behavioral problems. It's a loyal and protective dog. They are either black or dark brown, although there are also yellow Flat-Coated Retrievers.

Types of Retriever Dogs - 4. Flat-Coated Retriever

5. Curly Coated Retriever

The Curly Coated Retriever is the shyest of all retrievers. It behaves similarly to the Flat-Coated Retriever, in the sense that it loves spending time with family and requires lots of physical activity. They are very cheerful and intelligent dogs and, just like all retrievers, they love being soaked in water.

Sadly, the Curly Coated Retriever is currently in the list of Vulnerable Native Breeds in the UK and is considered at risk of disappearing.

Types of Retriever Dogs - 5. Curly Coated Retriever

6. Chesapeake Bay Retriever

The Chesapeake Bay Retriever is a dog with a very special temperament, quite different from all other breeds of retrievers. It's intelligent and protective, and can be especially suspicious of strangers and difficult to train. A Chesapeake Bay Retriever will need plenty of exercise and proper socialization so that it doesn't develop destructive behavioral patterns.

Types of Retriever Dogs - 6. Chesapeake Bay Retriever

If you want to read similar articles to Types of Retriever Dogs, we recommend you visit our Comparisons category.

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