Why Are Hippos Dangerous? Hippopotamus Attacks
The hippopotamus is an even-toed ungulate mammal. There are only two species of hippos in existence, the common and the pygmy hippopotamus. The name "hippopotamus" comes from the Greek word hippopotamos, meaning horse of the river.
Out of all the names that can be given to a hippopotamus, however, "pig" or "buffalo" of the river may have been more adequate. After all, their appearance reminds us of the pig, and their temperament certainly reminds us of the buffalo - nothing at all like tame horses that you could ride easily!
There are many hippopotamus attacks in the world every year, and their aggressiveness is well-recorded. But why are hippos dangerous? Stay with us at AnimalWised and find out.
What are hippos like?
Hippopotamuses are very aggressive animals; in fact, they are considered one of the most aggressive animals in the world. Other dangerous animals that share their environment with hippos, such as caimans or crocodiles, rarely get involved with them and respect their space.
That's because the hippopotamus is a territorial animal, but only in water. While defecating, male hippos shake their tail from side to side in order to mark their territory, which spans some 250 m (820 ft) wide. Mating rights are established in this space, which may cover between 7 and 10 females.
Hippos are quiet animals when on land, but they can become aggressive if there is a lack of food or water, and they are capable of reaching amazing speeds. While they are herbivorous animals that feed on terrestrial and aquatic plants, they are also capable of consuming meat, usually carrion, since their stomach tolerates and is able to digest meat.
When a territorial struggle arises, hippos can behave very aggressively but the males don't end up killing one another. Instead, they generally just end up establishing which one is strongest. There have been cases of females killing the dominant male, but this only happens if he tries to kill their offspring - as a result of overpopulation, for example.
Why do hippopotamuses attack humans?
In Africa, there have been cases of hippos attacking boats or people that they find in the water. The reason is simple - hippos view humans as a threat to their environment, and in many cases this is true.
You also need to remember that hippopotamuses are very territorial animals in the water. As such, if a human tries to stray onto their territory they will get to see the aggressive side of this large mammal. This can also happen when females protect their young, instinctively becoming aggressive if they feel threatened by a human.
Humans might also stumble across a hippo which is starving or thirsty, in which cases the animal may attack. This is because the animal is stressed, and it attacks the human due to its natural aggressive instinct, rather than to feed on them. A hippo would never attack a human for food.
Interesting facts about hippo behavior
- Many experts believe that hippos have managed to survive for millions of years as a result of their aggressive nature.
- In South Africa, a hippopotamus fatally attacked its owner after 7 years of friendly coexistence.
- Hippopotamuses attack more people other wild animals, including lions, tigers and elephants.
- If a male hippo isn't strong enough to defeat an alpha male, he will go on to start his own pod or herd, mark his own territory somewhere else and defend it with the species' characteristic aggressiveness.
If you've found this article interesting, we suggest you keep browsing AnimalWised and get to know the Big Five game animals of Africa, which are truly beautiful and impressive wild animals.
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