Facts about the animal kingdom

Cat Body Language - Examples and Pictures

Ameera Mills
By Ameera Mills. Updated: May 16, 2019
Cat Body Language - Examples and Pictures

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Cats are reserved animals who hide their emotions much better than dogs, who tend to be more impulsive and expressive in their behavior. A cat’s elegant movements towards us can be very restrained and complex, therefore, you will need to carefully study your cat’s movements in order to understand him/her fully. When analyzing your cat’s behavior through body language, all aspects need to be taken into consideration. In addition, understanding your cat’s body language is key in knowing whether or not your cat is happy and healthy.

For more about how to understand your cat’s body language, as well as how to recognize the most important cat postures, keep reading here at AnimalWised.

You may also be interested in: Horse Body Language and Communication


  1. Cat body language chart
  2. Cat body language: translation
  3. How cats communicate: cat postures

Cat body language chart

When analyzing your cat’s body language, we need to look at specific body parts in relation to the emotion expressed. Most importantly, a cat’s ears,eyes, tail and head function as basic pillars of cat communication:

Cat body language: head

The feline's face and head positioning can indicate a lot about its state of mind. For example, a bowed head can suggest fear, submission and even anger. On the contrary, when raised or slightly forward, it indicates well-being, confidence, tolerance and even invitation.

Cat body language: eyes

A cat’s eyes, like a humans, are like a window into the soul. When a cat is squinting while they are being petted, it’s a sign of relaxation. When your cat’s eyes are opened widely, this is often translated into a state of fear, curiosity or alertness. In addition, when analyzing your cat’s mood through their eyes, you cannot discard the importance of their pupils. For more about the meaning behind pupil size and shape in cats, we recommend reading our article where we discuss, why does my cat have dilated pupils?

Cat body language: tail

A low tail in cats is not normal and signifies that your cat is scared, angry or depressed. A lifted tail, on the other hand, is a sign that your cat is happy and content. If your cat’s tail is rigid and vibrant, it indicates emotion and pleasure, whereas if it is arched it signifies curiosity, intrigue and even insecurity. When a cat’s tail is huffed, it's a clear sign that your feline is angry.

The movement of a cat’s tail is also indicative of mood. When the tail moves slowly it suggests happiness, whereas when it moves fast, it displays irritation. For more, take a look at our article where we analyze why is my cat’s tail lifted up?

Cat body language: ears

A cat’s ears are made up of around 25 muscles and are incredibly expressive. If your cat’s ears are standing straight up and constantly moving, it’s a sign of alertness. If the ears are facing backwards or sideways, this is a sign that your cat is angry, scared or defensive.

Cat body language meaning

In addition to the above, we also need to analyze a cat’s body positioning which can appear relaxed, stretched tensed or arched. A cat’s vocal sounds also need to to also be analyzed in relation to all of the above, especially when it comes to cats communicating with humans.

Another key aspect of cat communication is "rubbing," which is indicative of a cat marking their human. Did you know that if, for example, your cat rubs its head around your neck or mouth, it’s greeting you?

For more about these above mentioned cat communication signs, we recommend reading our following articles:

Cat Body Language - Examples and Pictures - Cat body language chart

Cat body language: translation

There are certain cat behaviors that can be easily misinterpreted, especially if compared to a dog’s body language. Some of the most common cat body language myths include:

  • Cat belly up: this cat body positioning defines as a state of trust towards the caregiver, as well as happiness and relaxation. However, if your cat exposes its belly to you, this is not an invitation to caress it. For more, we recommend reading our article where we discuss, ‘‘Why does my cat expose their belly to me?’’
  • A crouching cat: if you notice your cat stooping, attentive and/or ready to start running, it is a sign that your cat feels threatened or alert.
  • Cat legs lifted: If your cat lifts its front legs to start rubbing against you, this is a greeting sign.
  • Cat spraying: can occur in both male and female cats. When your cat ‘‘sprays’’ urine everywhere, it is a common sign of: sexual behavior, stress or marking. For more, discover everything you need to know about pheromones in cats here.

It’s also important to remember that your cat’s behavior will always depend on its age, genetics, environment as well as other additional factors.

How cats communicate: cat postures

As you may have noticed, the great variety of positions and signals that a cat can emit makes it impossible to summarize all cat postures fully. However, below we have simplified the most common cat postures and their meanings:

  1. Friendly: a cat that is happy and eager to interact with their guardians and/or other animals. They will express a a relaxed body posture, accompanied by straight forward and upright ears, as well as a raised tail. Their eyes may be open and, if confident, your cat will rub against you or sniff you as a greeting.
  2. Unsure: in this case you may notice that your cat’s posture is tense, accompanied by a straightened tail which curves at the tip. Its ears will be erect with wide eyes, signifying alertness.
  3. Relaxed: a relaxed cat will take on a relaxed body posture, stretching and looking away calmly. Its tail may or may not be lifted, with its ears falling naturally.
  4. Annoyed: a cat that is upset or annoyed will adopt a straight and tense posture, accompanied by a constantly moving tail. This is a sign that your feline is warning you to stop whatever you are doing, if not, it may react aggressively. This may be accompanied by wide-open eyes and, in some cases, sideways-pointed ears.
  5. Content: a happy cat will show the same signals as a friendly cat: relaxed body posture, ears forward and tail raised. In some cases, if a cat is extremely happy, they may even howl.
  6. Irritated: a cat that is angry will take on a visibly arched posture, often accompanied by a noticeably puffed tail and sideways facing ears. It may even snort or meow in a threatening way.
  7. Scared: a cat’s mood can change from irritation to fear very quickly, especially in the case that it cannot flee from the threat. In this case, your cat will appear noticeably tense in posture and hiss. If a cat is scared it will most likely attack.
  8. Playful: a playful cat will use many parts of its body to communicate their desire for attention.It may nibble or scratch playfully, with forward-facing ears and open eyes.

See image below for more.

Cat Body Language - Examples and Pictures - How cats communicate: cat postures

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I have been feeding a stray for 4+yrs twice a day. She doesn't let me touch her but each time I feed her, she rubs the door as I open it and then with her tail up, she does a forward stretch, then a long slow back stretch facing away from me. I take this as a sign of trust and affection. Am I right? If she sees me in the yard or neighborhood, she follows me. I call her Pumpkin and she will come when called. I wish I could pet her and bring her in but she will have none of that. Would love to hear any thoughts. Thanks
Administrador AnimalWised
Hi Joan,

If the cat is older than 4 years, then it is likely they have missed their all important socialization period with humans. However, it seems they have enough trust in you to not run immediately. While they are probably more interested in food than company, you can take a look at this article for some tips which may be helpful:

we have a mother and son semi feral cats. They are extremely close and are usually together. The mother has been nutered two years ago but we wish to get the male nutered, but are worried it might spoil there relationship.
Administrador AnimalWised
Hi Chris,

There is little reason to believe it will affect their relationship. Even if they get on well, they are more likely to get on well if he is sterilized. This is not even to mention the benefit it will provide the larger feline community.
My 4 year old male maine coon recently started hissing at my 7 year old daughter. Sometimes he would do it after she would come home from my moms, as she has 4 cats. Since this started she becomes fearful of him sometimes and when her fear is intense he hisses and sometimes even tries to swat. So my question is, could he be sensing this fear and reacting?
Alice Tapiol Breeze (AnimalWised editor)
Hi Carrie,
It has not been scientifically proven that cats sense fear, though there are several studies that show that they can perceive adrenaline, testosterone or cortisol, which take part in the process of fear.
If your daughter has acted in a certain way repeatedly, then your cat may sense the pattern and defend itself before your daughter "does" anything (cats react aggressively when they are scared so that their opponent does not act first).
This could be one of the reasons but there are many more, which is why we advise you to visit a qualified ethologist so he/she can re-educate your cat and find the source of his conduct with your daughter.
Hope this helps
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Cat Body Language - Examples and Pictures