Coatis as Pets: Guidelines and Tips
The coati or coati-mundi (Nasua and Nasuella) are four different species in the Procyonidae family, that is, they are closely related to the raccoon. They share several physical and behavioral traits with this animal, but coatis are recognizable for their distinct long nose.
These are certainly adorable animals, but keeping coatis as pets is not the most sensible of ideas on account of their aggressive behavior on reaching adulthood. Coatis look cuddly when young, but as they mature they can become quite dangerous animals. Male coatis are more aggressive than females, except when the latter are raising their pups.
Coatis have very developed fangs and will not think twice about using them; their claws are also worth taking care of. Keep reading this AnimalWised article to find out our guidelines and tips about coatis as pets.
What is the white-nosed coati like?
The white-nosed coati or coatimundi, Nasua narica, is found in Central America, from Arizona in the U.S. to Ecuador. It is not an endangered species. The coati is an omnivorous animal that feeds on rodents and small vertebrates, as well as carrion, fruit, birds, berries, eggs and insects.
Adult male white-nosed coatis are solitary, while females and young males live in groups of 5 to 20: males are expelled from the community when they reach maturity at the age of two. White-nosed coatis are very good climbers and sleep in trees at night. They tend to hunt during the day, but this can change if humans interfere or if they decide to raid rubbish bins in human environments.
How big are white-nosed coatis?
White-nosed coatis are similar in size to a medium or large-sized domestic cat. Adult males can reach up to almost 70 cm (27.5 in) long from the tip of their snout to the base of the tail, which can be as long as their body. Females are smaller. Their weight varies between 3 and 12 kg (7 and 46.5 lb).
These wild animals have a short, coarse and thick coat, which can vary in color from brownish-gray to black, including red and brown. Their name comes from the white area around their nose.
What is the South American coati like?
The ring-tailed or South American coati, otherwise known as the Nasua nasua, is another coati species. It is somewhat larger than the white-nosed coati: males can reach up to 115 cm (44 in) long and weigh up to 8 kg (16 lb). Females measure and weigh half the male's size.
Ring-tailed coatis have slightly shorter hair because they live in a warmer climate. They can be found in the tropical and subtropical forests of the area from the northern part of South America down to northern Argentina. They differ from the white-nosed coatis on account of their tail, patterned with dark rings.
Their diet is omnivorous, similar to that of the white-nosed coati. Solitary males occasionally practice cannibalism and eat pups of the same species. They are highly intelligent animals. Their lifespan is of around 15 years.
Can you keep coatis as pets?
Keeping coatis as pets is not legal in every country; it is allowed in most South American countries, for instance, but not in Spain. Before considering adopting a coati of any species as a pet, check your country or state's laws.
Coatis can be tamed, but there countless cases of incidents, severe bites, destruction of furniture, and escapes have been reported from people who have chosen to keep coatis as pets. This is not to say that there are some instances of successful adoption, because a particular coati might have had a unusually gentle character.
There are people who breed coatis, but only to a semi-professional level. It is a relatively new practice, and it has not yet reached an acceptable standard. We do not recommend buying coatis from breeders at all.
Can you keep coatis in cages?
All articles that discuss coatis as pets mention very large cages, of 3 x 3 x 3 m (10 x 10 x 10 ft) or larger. In other words, they recommend keeping the poor animal caged and captive. Some suggest walking pet coatis on a lead in certain circumstances. Regardless, would you keep a cat or a dog trapped in a cage? What pleasure can be drawn from this sad and miserable image?
However, there is no other option. A coati cannot roam free about the house, as it would wreak havoc on the furnishings and leave it looking like a disaster site. If you keep it loose in a garden, though, it will most likely escape. Moreover, it is not at all safe to have coatis around children.
If you do keep a coati as a pet, you will need to wear thick gloves to avoid being bitten when handling it, as these animals move extremely quickly.
Do coatis suffer when captive?
It is very common for captive coatis to experience hair loss. Their tail or other areas of their body may start shedding, leaving them bald in patches. This is due to the stress of captivity, nutritional deficiencies or both. If you keep a coati as a pet, its diet will need to be supervised by a vet.
Can you have coatis as guests?
In our opinion, the only reasonable way to enjoy a coati's company is as follows.
Coatis are very intelligent and curious. We know that they are not afraid of human environments and often wander to these places in search of food. If you live in a region where coatis live, you can simply leave some food out for them.
As coatis are diurnal, it is very likely that you will see them come to your garden to eat your food. Leave some treats for them to enjoy, and they will surely come back. Eventually, you will build up some trust and they will let you get near.
If you provide a simple way of obtaining tasty food, the guest coati will trust you more and more. However, forget about cuddling it or scratching its belly or back. A coati will visit you and tolerate your presence if you offer food, but it will always be a wild animal at heart.
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