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Pit Bull Breeds and Types

Josie F. Turner
Journalist specialized in Animal Welfare
Pit Bull Breeds and Types

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The American Pit Bull Terrier (APBT) is one of the most most popular dog breeds. To its misfortune even today it continues to arouse controversy due misinterpretations of their nature. If you love this dog's features, then you'll probably have asked yourself how many types of Pit Bull breeds there are out there and what characteristics distinguish each dog type.

In this AnimalWised article we will try to clarify any doubts that may arise when talking about the different Pit Bull breeds as it is vital that you are well informed before making any decisions should you be thinking about adopting one of these wonderful dogs.

You may also be interested in: 7 Interesting Pit Bull Facts

What are Pit Bull dogs?

We must differentiate between the American Pit Bull Terrier and those generally referred to as Pit Bulls. In the first case we have a specific and well defined breed, whereas the second refers to a term that defines a large group of different breeds with similar physical characteristics.

Some sources suggest that it is not appropriate to speak of Pit Bull breeds but that we should instead speak of different genetic ramifications that lead us to differentiate clearly distinct bloodlines or genealogical lines manifested through certain physical characteristics and behavior.

It is important to note that some of these dogs are region specific, such as the Pynat and Stuffawler Pit Bulls. These dogs may not even exist in some areas due to a lack of breeding or the relative infancy of the breed as a whole. Other still may have different names in different territories such as the Chamuco which is otherwise known as the Mexican Pit Bull outside of Mexico.

Pit Bull Breeds and Types - What are Pit Bull dogs?

What are the different Pit Bull breeds?

Here are the different types of Pit Bull breeds, along with the main characteristics of each.

In several entries you will see that the dog was originally bred for fighting; with this we are simply highlighting the motive for its creation. In no case does this determine the behavior of the Pit Bull and under no circumstances does it mean that it is a dog intended solely for this purpose. All dogs deserve a home and a caring and a responsible owner willing to meet all its needs. Obviously, clandestine dog fighting is an intolerable practice.

1. American Pit Bull Terrier: It is the breed par excellence from which the other breeds have been created. Contrary to what one might think, aggression is not a feature of this dog's behavior. American Pitt Bull Terriers have a friendly and balanced nature, and they possess great intelligence and a willingness to work. Their weight can range between 13 and 25 kilos (28 and 55 lbs).

Pit Bull Breeds and Types - What are the different Pit Bull breeds?

2. Staffordshire Bull Terrier: Their weight ranges between 11 and 17 kilos (24 and 37 lbs); it is a compact, muscular and agile dog. While many Pit Bull dogs can show territorial behavior towards other dogs and animals this breed has a friendly character, also with children. They are intelligent, vital and fun and have a strong attachment to their owners.

3. American Staffordshire Terrier: It has widely developed muscles, especially in the chest area. It can weigh 35 kilos (77 lbs) and can be found in solid colors, a bicolor coat or with speckles. It is quiet, but it has strong impulses.

4. Bull Terrier: One of its most notable physical characteristics are its triangular eyes. It is a stubborn but gentle dog who needs the companionship and affection of its adopted family. It is a brave and spirited dog that can reach 35 kilos (77 lbs) of weight.

The miniature variety of this breed is among the top 6 short-haired dog breeds.

5. Stuffawler: This line was bred for dog fighting. The Stuffawler weighs between 35 and 40 kilos (77 and 88 lbs) and is physically typified by the fact that when it gasps it looks like it is smiling. Some believe that their aggression is high, but we know that the behavior of a dog depends on the behavior of its owner.

Source: Rafa Cosworth

6. Monster blue: It is a cross between a Neapolitan Mastiff and Dogue de Bordeaux. They have a powerful jaw and a thick and heavy build. Their weight can range between 45 and 60 kilos (99 and 132 lbs).

Source: Youtube

7. Colby: Its breeding and reproduction began in 1889, with dog fighting in mind. Its character is balanced, being great at watching over children. The Colby Pit Bull is characterized by a broad, strong head with a flat and wrinkled snout. They are generally not very heavy.

Source: mrpitbull.com

8. Chamucos: It is also known as the Mexican Pit Bull. It is the smallest of the Pit Bulls and was designed for dog fighting. It is characterized by having high resistance based on a thin but muscular structure.

Currently breeding and selection are illegal, as they are still used for dog fighting. The truth is that the Chamuco is not very territorial and tends to trust humans.

9. Spike: It is a line of US origin believed to contain a Dalmatian bloodline as its fur is white with black spots. These dogs have poorly developed muscles and they are friendly and quiet, which makes them ideal as companions.

10. Red Nose: This line came about in Ireland in 1830. Its fur is brown or white, and it has honey-brown or green eyes. They are characterized by a pinkish nose and a thin muscular build with long legs and a strong back. Their weight can range between 25 and 30 kilos (55 and 66 lbs).

Source: adogbreeds.com

11. Cobra: Its physical structure is similar to that of the red nose, although this type is characterized by black or blue eyes and always has an unblemished white coat.

Source: bullytree.com

12. Villaliberty: A line bred in Spain from the Red Nose type. Its physical structure is admirable and its behavior makes this Pit Bull an ideal pet because it is balanced, stable, secure and brave.

Source: online-pedigrees.com

13. Pynat: It is a thin but muscular dog that can weigh up to 30 kilos (66 lbs). Its coat can be brindle and its nose is soft. It has been used as a hunting dog.

Source: mascotis.net

14. Gamers: Yet another line unfortunately bred for fighting, which makes them inappropriate for first time owners. These dogs have a great athletic ability and a thin and muscular build. Their weight can range between 25 and 30 kilos.

15. Johnsons: Its maximum weight is 40 kilos (88 lbs), and physically speaking its features are reminiscent of the Bulldog. The coat comes with patches or in white. This is a very strong dog but it is also slow and docile.

Which is the best Pit Bull?

Noting the great diversity of Pit Bull types and breeds we may ask ourselves which is the best breed or bloodline; this question is wrong from the beginning, because each dog has different characteristics which are not negative nor positive by themselves.

What we must consider when asking ourselves if we want to adopt a Pit Bull is the degree to which its features are adapted to our lifestyle and needs. Regardless of the differentiation, if you want to adopt a Pit Bull you should consider the following:

  • They are dogs that need constant exercise, so they require a large space and a committed owner to supply the dog all the necessary discipline.
  • A good socialization process from being puppies is necessary, especially regarding other animals.
  • If there are young children at home we must be clear that adult supervision is necessary when they share a space with the dog, not because the dog is aggressive but because it is strong.
  • Pit Bull dogs can only go for a walk under their owner's responsibility.
Pit Bull Breeds and Types - Which is the best Pit Bull?

Have you decided to get a Pit Bull?

If you have decided to get a Pit Bull dog breed as a pet we recommend that you consult local legislation as some breeds and types are illegal depending on the country. However, you should not think in any way that such dogs are necessarily aggressive; you would be surprised to see all the skills Pit Bulls have with kids.

Pit Bull Breeds and Types - Have you decided to get a Pit Bull?

Myths about Pit Bulls

While there are different types of Pit Bulls, they do share some common characteristics. Pit Bull breeds are generally muscular dogs with a strong bite and, unfortunately, a bad reputation with some. However, much of this has to to with the terrible abuse thy have suffered at the hands of many owners who have historically engaged them in the vile practice of dog fighting. This does not mean that Staffies are inherently dangerous dogs.

According to the ‘American Temperament Test Society’[1], the Pit Bull is second only to the Labrador Retriever in terms of temperament. The test was carried out on as many breeds as possible, administering and recording the test to find out which met the highest standards in terms of temperament. This involved meeting oddly dressed strangers, firing guns to potentially spook them, walking on uncomfortable surfaces and more. They are carried out by professionals and are repeated as much as possible.

This test is not perfect, but it does go some way to show the importance of treating the dog as an individual. This is the stance of the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals which states that ‘genetics do not exist in a vacuum’[2]. Many factors influence a dog's behavior, but this is true of all breeds. More important than breed is adequate socialization, humane treatment and early positive experiences in terms of a dog's aggression. By enforcing breed specific legislation, as pointed out by the ASPCA, you only create the illusion of public safety. By treating dogs on an individual basis you will be better able to stop attacks, prevent purposeful mistreatment and educate owners and the public about how to treat a animals safely and humanely.

Unfortunately, a lot of misinformation is posted online by anti-Pit Bull acolytes. Many provide information which ostensibly looks credible, but crumbles under scrutiny with only a little digging. One of the major pieces of ‘research’ is the so-called Clifton Report which is written by an author who defrauded readers in terms of his credentials and continually refuses to publish the raw data behind his claims[3].

It is true there have been incidents where children have been attacked and even killed, but this is not limited to the Pit Bull. Families of these victims have, understandably, called for breed specific legislation, placing the blame on the breed itself. However, a nine year long study released in 2013 cites that dog-bite related fatalities in the USA were characterized by ‘coincident, preventable factors’ and that the dog ‘breed was not one of these’[4]. More importantly was a lack of supervision, a failure to neuter the dog, inability of the victim to interact appropriately with dogs, mismanagement, neglect and abuse. Breed specific legislation is a reactionary tack which has little evidence to prove its efficacy. This is something which was substantiated by President Barack Obama which is quoted in the ASPCA statement.

Another myth about Pit Bull type dogs is that they have a locked jaw which is impossible to break. While many of these dogs do indeed have a strong bite, it is a myth that their jaw locks. It can be broken with a bite stick or by some of the other ways mentioned in our article on breaking a Pit Bull's bite. Another important factor in Pit Bulls is the tendency to dock their tails and ears which makes it more difficult to recognize the signs of aggression in these dogs.

Unfortunately, it is very difficult to discuss Pit Bulls without people using their emotional response rather than looking at the reasons behind dog attacks and what can prevent them. With such large muscular dogs, it is understandable people may be intimidated. However, we do not have the same stigma against Siberian Huskies which we appropriately consider adorable dogs, despite the fact that they contribute to the greatest number of dog attack fatalities in the parts of Canada where they are most common. Population numbers are often ignored by those who want to unfairly vilify Pit Bulls. The importance of population is pointed out in a study by the American Veterinary Medical Association which concludes that breed is ‘a poor sole predictor of aggressiveness and pit bull-type dogs are not implicated in controlled studies’[5].

Pit Bulls can be loving and wonderful dogs for individuals and families. It is only with proper understanding and consideration that their reputation can be changed and that people can really start to appreciate this breed appropriately, just as it is with any breed of dog. As always, we encourage readers to trust empirical evidence and rigorous study carried out by evidence based programs.

If you want to read similar articles to Pit Bull Breeds and Types, we recommend you visit our Comparisons category.

References

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35 comments
Kingg
Hey not sure if she’s a red nose(mom) or bull terrier(dad)
Angela Patton
Picture of my puppy
Administrador AnimalWised
Adorable Angela!
Angela Patton
How can I tell if my 3 month old male puppy is a red nose Pitt bull
Administrador AnimalWised
Hi Angela,

Even with knowing the heritage of the dog, the genetic quirk of a red nose can only be old by looking at the nose. If it is the red/pink color of the red nose Pit Bull, then that's how you know. Some dogs may change their nose color slightly as they develop, so you may need to wait a while until he matures to be sure.
Rating:
Angie
This is her.
Administrador AnimalWised
Hi Angie,

We can't see her face on, but she looks like a healthy American Pit Bull Terrier from this angle. We say this due to her body and head shape.
Angie
This was a reply to your answer you wrote on my first question (below). My name was spelled wrong ("Anhie"). I didn't know how to add a picture there.
Administrador AnimalWised
Hi Angie,

Have we replied sufficiently now in our previous comment? Please let us know if we can help you with anything else.
Kinfolk phil
Do you know what kind of pitbull I got
Administrador AnimalWised
Hi Phil,

Send us a pic and we'll try to have a look for you!
Drienie
What type of pitbull dog is this please
Mallory
I rescued a "pitmix" from a shelter about 2 years ago now. He is super sweat and I am constantly getting questions about his breed. It is clear he has pitbull in him, but the white and black spots are throwing me for a loop. What do you think he is?
Brett
# 9 a spike look above American made has some delmation added in
Administrador AnimalWised
Hi Brett,

It certainly does and we agree it is likely they are part Dalmatian.
Anhie
Do you know which breed of pitbull mine is? Her hair is very shiny and looks black sometimes and brown sometimes. She has a white patch on her chest and white on her paws with black specks. She's very affectionate and extremely fast and strong.
Administrador AnimalWised
Hi Anhie

Your pitbull shows resemblance to a bluenose pitbull. However, it’s difficult to tell by not seeing its whole body.

We hope this helps!

AnimalWised
Jonathan
I think it's great that you people have put out this page to clear up on pitbull and there nature they are truly a great and loving dog I have had 5 different ones over the years and all were different in types but all wonderful with kids and grandkids and I would recommend for any family
Priscilla
What type of dog do you think I have? I always get people who tell me she doesn't look like a pitbull (probably because her ears aren't cropped) but there's so many different types of bully breeds, i'd like to know what she is :)
Administrador AnimalWised
Hi Priscilla,

It looks like this dog is a mixed breed, but we are pretty confident there is Pit Bull in there, if not mainly. Specifically, they have the head shape similar to an American Pitt Bull Terrier. Lovely coat as well.

Pit Bull Breeds and Types
Source: Rafa Cosworth
Source: Youtube
Source: mrpitbull.com
Source: adogbreeds.com
Source: bullytree.com
Source: online-pedigrees.com
Source: mascotis.net
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