Basic care

Deer as Pets: Guidelines and Tips

Janhvi Johorey
By Janhvi Johorey, Psychologist specialized in animal therapy. January 8, 2017
Deer as Pets: Guidelines and Tips

From the white-tailed deer to Sambar deer, these gentle and majestic creatures are wild animals that belong to no individual. In many countries, deer are held in trusts and safe parks for their benefit and our own. It is illegal for people to hold or confine deer without a permit in most states and countries of the world.

The only facilities permitted to possess native or foreign deer specimens in most states are generally focused on research, education and rehabilitation. These facilities, run by professionals are inspected regularly to check that the animals are treated right and that all health and safety standards are maintained in compliance with requirements for disease testing, record keeping, and regulating wildlife.

However, there have been some instances of people keeping deer - for example, Audrey Hepburn had a fawn named Pippin. But can you keep a deer as a pet? What do they need to stay happy and healthy? Stay with us at AnimalWised and learn all about deer as pets with our guidelines and tips.

You may also be interested in: Peacocks as Pets: Guidelines and Tips
  1. Can deer be dangerous for humans?
  2. Can deer be confined?
  3. Can deer be domesticated?
  4. What to feed a deer
  5. Introducing a new diet to a deer
  6. What is the best diet for a deer?
  7. Things to take into account
  8. Forbidden food for deer
  9. Creating a good habitat for a pet deer

Can deer be dangerous for humans?

Deer, much like other wild species no matter how gentle they look, can be dangerous to humans when confined or threatened. As they grow and develop, deer can become aggressive. Males are more likely to attack, especially during the breeding season; their antlers can also be dangerous. Injuries and deaths from deer attacks are also on the rise.

Can deer be confined?

Moving deer or keeping them in facilities increases the risk of diseases, including Chronic Wasting Disease and Bovine tuberculosis. Deer require a lot of space, and it is cruel and unjust to keep deer as pets if you don't have a large, forested outdoors area for them to roam.

Moreover, tame deer cannot be rehabilitated or let go into the wilderness, because they do not know how to fend for themselves. Domesticated deer can become demanding and seek attention and food from caretakers beyond what you may expect. Even hand-raised deer have been known to attack their human keepers and trample on them.

Pet deer cannot be released into the wilderness, and neither can they be given to a zoo or nature park because they could infect or attack other animals and human visitors. Think twice before adopting a pet deer.

Deer as Pets: Guidelines and Tips - Can deer be confined?

Can deer be domesticated?

When born in the wild, deer are not meant to be raised either alone or as part of a human family; it is unfair to separate them from their herd and natural habitat, and they are difficult to domesticate. At the most, they will tolerate your presence if you feed them.

Even when bred in captivity, deer do not make good pets. While they can be tamed, and they are small, manageable and adorable at first, they become unmanageable and wary as they mature. Domesticated deer may attack humans during mating season, and they can also turn dangerous to protect their young.

Deer will demand freedom, but placing a deer bred in captivity back in the wild without teaching it to fend for itself is tantamount to animal cruelty.

What to feed a deer

While we have already said that keeping deer as pets is not such a good idea, there are circumstances in which you may have to feed a deer. In case you have a small-scale natural preserve or deer farm, for instance, you must follow a certain code of conduct and provide regular nourishment to the animals.

For their bones and organism to become strong and agile in order to survive in the wild, a deer or fawn needs to be fed rich formula that provides nutrition for proper growth. There are many options to feed a young, captive deer, from goat milk to soymilk and baby formula; ask a vet for the best choice for your deer's size and age.

Deer as Pets: Guidelines and Tips - What to feed a deer

Introducing a new diet to a deer

Deer cannot take new food suddenly. It takes a couple of weeks for deer to adjust to a new diet, and so they need to be fed gradually. Introducing new types of food into the deer's diet will help their digestive system to learn to process it.

Deer are herbivorous ruminant animals, so they thrive on vegetables, fruits, grasses and lichen found in woodlands. Therefore, feeding them foods rich in carbs or fat can be lethal. To start with, combine supplementary food with the natural diet of the deer. Include a small amount of the new food and gradually incorporate more replacing their natural diet with specially formulated deer food mixes.

What is the best diet for a deer?

Deer feed mixes can be found in either pet supply stores or feed mills. These mixes are a combination of oats, soybeans, alfalfa, molasses and other substances rich in nutrients such as vitamins and minerals. This kind of food is easy for the deer to digest and makes a perfect supplement to their natural diet.

Things to take into account

Deer need to be fed the right food, as they have sensitive digestive systems. If formulated deer food mixes are not available, oats are the next best thing. They provide the deer with the type of fiber and carb content they need.

Fruits and vegetables are also a safe choice for deer, from apples to grapes, cherries, pears, carrots, and snap peas. Acorns found in the wild are another safe source of sustenance for your pet deer.

Forbidden food for deer

Never feed a corn diet to a pet deer, as this complex, refined and high carb diet can cause them to become sick and even die. It's always a better choice to cut down tree branches and use its vegetation and foliage to feed the deer.

Creating a good habitat for a pet deer

To keep deer as pets, our most basic guideline is having wide open spaces for them to roam. If you want to create a healthy and safe habitat for your deer to stay happy and grow well, make sure that they get natural foliage for food by planting more vegetation.

If you live in a cold climate, choose woody vegetation during the winter months, as this is the time of the year when the deer's natural food sources dry up. Start introducing food slowly so that the deer is not harmed. Set up the troughs and feeders as far away from the home as possible. Early morning or sunset is a good time to groom and feed a pet deer.

Besides growing more trees in the deer's range, get involved with deer rehab or conservation groups to educate yourself before you set out to establish a deer farm or to keep deer as pets. As we said, it is not recommended to keep deer as pets, as they are happier when free; if you do choose to keep them, you must be completely sure you can offer them the right space and diet.

Deer as Pets: Guidelines and Tips - Creating a good habitat for a pet deer

If you want to read similar articles to Deer as Pets: Guidelines and Tips, we recommend you visit our Basic care category.

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I think deer are beautiful and, if you live waaaaaay out in the country, a doe can even make a good ‘pet’ if you’re used to being around large livestock. I don’t think a doe is really any more dangerous than a cow. That being said, it is a mistake to raise a buck to be unafraid of humans. About 15 years ago my uncle was nearly killed when a 3 year old buck that was a neighbor’s pet got out of their fence and attacked him. He was going to check the mail and the buck charged him from behind, knocking him down. It then proceeded to to gore and stomp him. If it wasn’t for his little dog, he probably would’ve been killed. The dog distracted the deer long enough for uncle to crawl back to the house and call for help. He had to have surgery and was in the hospital for about a week. The dog was unharmed and got a big, juicy steak.

A buck in rut is looking to establish his territory and get himself a mate or two. He is a hormone-driven fighting machine. They may or may not attack the family they were raised by, but you also need to think about your neighbors and people like the UPS guy. I came across this article looking for any way to make having a buck safer and so far - nothing. Even castration - if you could find a vet who would do it - usually has poor results with the buck being perpetually in velvet and bleeding frequently. If anyone has any suggestions I’d love to hear them. We have a potential situation brewing.
Launa Jones
I have a pet Deer. She just turned 1 and is the best pet I have ever had. I didnt wake up one day and say I want to go find a baby Deer no...thats not how it happened.. I was driving and saw the car in front of me run over her Mom, and her too..Mom died right away and baby, Daisy was all cut up and a mess. Was not sure if she was going to make it or not bc she was a tiny tiny baby!! She also had a broken leg. But my Daughter, and I nursed her back to health, and she looks up to me as her Mama. It was not by choice that we got her, but now that she is with us, we will show her love, and take care of her best way we can, as she is a part of our family now. So before you judge someone about having a Pet Deer, its best to know the whole story as to how that Deer was introduced into your life!! She is so loveable, extremely goofy, and makes us laugh all day long!! We are hoping for many more happy years with her.. Here is a pic of our Daisy.. Thank you, have a great Day!!
Elizabeth Lee
I have a new pet deer and this site was really helpful and it has brought great resalts to the both of us. She is 105 lbs and is going to be 1 next month.
Administrador AnimalWised
Hi Elizabeth,

Thank you so much, please feel free to share a picture with us, we'd love to see your deer!
I have a pet deer 1 year old. Need to find someone who wants him. I live in southern Missouri.
If u could bring it to wv,I have one male now that's a pet about 4 months old
Y'all are stupid. Deer belong in the wild. You're probably stupid enough to take in a grizzly bear or shark too. The longer you keep them the more of a burden they will become to you.
i like cheese balls
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Deer as Pets: Guidelines and Tips