Can Cats Speak English?
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Cats often “meow” to communicate certain things, however we've all seen videos of cats meowing similarly to an English word. Can cats talk like humans? In this AnimalWised article we are going to elaborate on cat communication.
We will share with you how a cat communicates with humans, if cats can really speak the proper English language and what certain cat behavior truly mean. This way, you will better understand your cat and what they are trying to communicate with you.
How do cats communicate with humans?
Much of a cat's communication is through sound. These animals have a wide range of sounds that they emit to communicate different things such as intentions, needs, moods and more. These vary from soft purrs to low growls. Cats also communicate through body language and smell. For example, male cats mark their territory by urinating on certain places. This communicates dominance. Another example is when cats are angry and put their ears back and move slowly to attack. This communicates their anger and their threat to defend themselves or their territory.
Many people wonder if their behavior is instinctive. The truth is that much of a cat's communication has an innate origin, latent within each feline. For this reason all cats express their anger, joy, etc. in a similar way. However, it's also important to point out that a lot of their communication is also learned through us. This is why you may see some cats communicating in a different way, they have probably learned it from their pet companion or family.
We can often see this when we observe how a cat communicates with another cat or animal, also called interspecies communication, and how they communicate with us. When our cat communicates with another cat they hardly meow as much as they do with us. They only meow a lot when they are kittens asking their mother for milk and attention and when they're mating. However, because we speak to our cats through sound they do the same with us. With other cats, they will mainly communicate through scent in urine, feces, and chemicals or pheromones from glands located around the mouth, chin, forehead, cheeks, lower back, tail and paws. Interestingly enough, cats can even communicate with other cats through their whiskers. Learn more in our article about what cat whiskers are for.
As you may have already guessed, your cat communicates with you similarly as they would with their mother. They meow to communicate certain needs. They also come to you for security and affection. You can often tell when they feel safe and relaxed in your presence by how they cuddle up with you and purr. Sometimes they may meow and purr to demonstrate that they are hungry or thirsty.
It's safe to say that cats mainly communicate throw sounds and body language when communicating with humans. When they communicate with other cats, they mainly communicate through scent. Learn more on our article how do cats communicate, where we go deeper into the subject of their body language when communicating with humans.
Do all cats speak?
Yes, all cats have the ability to speak. However they are usually quiet as their innate instincts know that it can attract unwanted attention. When cats don't speak, it's often due to their personality. Some cats are simply not as talkative as others.
As a general rule, cats who are more active, loving and dependent on their human companions are most likely to meow often. This doesn't only depend on their genetics but also, how they were brought up. If a kitten was brought up being in contact with children, it's likely that they will be talkative. Whereas independent cats, will most likely be more quiet.
How cats communicate their needs and feelings
As you have seen, there is no single dictionary of the cat language. Now, if you know your feline it will be easy for you to deduce how they communicate with you and what they want to express to you in different occasions. Here's a list of things your cat may be trying to communicate with you:
- Hunger or thirst: if your cat is hungry and their bowl is empty, they may start meowing or caressing your feet once you open up their can of food.
- Affection: if your cat feels lonely or wants to be petted, they will come to you and let you know by rubbing against you.
- Open the door: when cats want to go outside and need you to open the door they will try to get your attention to them and the door. Many will meow by the door or some go up to their pet companions, meow and then lead them to the door. Cats are very smart and will try to communicate with you that they need your help to open the door
- Greeting: it's not only dogs that will greet you when you come home from work. Cats will do this too. Some cats may come and meow at you once you enter. Others will run up to you and rub their head against your legs.
- Feeling pain: If your cat feels uncomfortable or sick, it may meow excessively, more than usual. Although, some cats do the opposite and are much more quiet than usual. Whenever you see that your cat has abnormal behavior, it's best that you take them to the veterinarian to be examined, diagnosed and properly treated.
If you want to read similar articles to Can Cats Speak English?, we recommend you visit our Facts about the animal kingdom category.
- Kristyn R. Vitale, Alexandra C. Behnke, Monique AR Udell. (2019). Attachment bonds between domestic cats and humans . Current Biology. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2019.08.036
- McComb, K., Taylor, A. Wilson, C. & Charlton, B. (2009). The cry embedded within the purr. Journal Current Biology . Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2009.05.033