Polaramine for Dogs - Dosage, Uses and Side Effects
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Polaramine is an antihistamine commonly used in human medicine. Therefore, it is not surprising that we find it in the medicine cabinets of many households. This may tempt some caregivers to use it on their dogs to treat allergies, which can lead to negative consequences. Dogs should only be given it after being prescribed by their veterinarian.
In this AnimalWised article you will learn all about polaramine for dogs, the recommended dose, the most common uses and the possible side effects.
What is Polaramine for dogs?
Dexchlorpheniramine (commercially known as Polaramine) is an antihistamine with anticholinergic properties used to treat allergic conditions. As an antihistamine, it acts on the effects caused by histamine, which are mainly associated with allergies, but also with gastrointestinal ulcers. The compound dexchlorpheniramine in Polaramin does not stop the production of histamine in the body, but tries to compete with free histamine, thus alienating the action of the allergen in the body.
Antihistamines form a very large group of drugs and have been used in human medicine for decades with great success. The problem is that they are not as effective in dogs. Therefore, they are usually not the first choice for treating allergies such as allergic dermatitis from flea bites or DAPP, canine atopy or food allergy or shock anaphylaxis, i.e. severe allergic reactions.
If you want to know more about the most common allergic reactions in dogs caused by food, continue reading this other article about food allergies in dogs.
What is Polaramine used for in dogs?
Some antihistamines can be used in dogs. Although their efficacy is considered moderate, and they have no immediate antipruritic effect, the veterinarian may prescribe them for mild itching or insect bites, for example. They have been observed to improve the symptoms of atopic dermatitis when administered together with omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids. This effect may reduce the dose of corticosteroids, the drugs normally used for these allergies.
The antihistamines that have been shown to be most effective in atopic dogs are clemastine, the combination of chlorpheniramine and hydroxyzine, or oxatomide. As we can see, in this case the veterinarian could prescribe Polaramine, although it usually has to be combined with other medications.
There is a debate about the effectiveness of polaramine in dogs. Some say it may not be as effective, but others think it will relieve allergy symptoms in your dog. Polaramine takes effect in the body after only 1-2 hours and your dog begins to recover. However, the progress or full recovery depends on your dog and the type of allergy they have.
Dosage of Polaramin for dogs
Dosage and method of use are the sole responsibility of the veterinarian and depend on the clinical picture of the dog and its size.
Polaramine is also marketed in various dosage forms such as tablets, syrup, injection, or ointment. It is recommended that Polaramine be swallowed whole, as it is formulated to be absorbed slowly by the body. If the dog chews it in small pieces, its effectiveness may be reduced.
The most common way of administration is tablets. The dose is a 2 mg tablet 2-4 times a day for dogs under 15 kg and a 6 mg tablet 2-4 times a day for dogs over 15 kg. Increase the dose only if your veteran allows you to.
Polaramine may also be administered as a liquid syrup through feed or water. However, be sure to measure the dose correctly.
If you want to know more about what allergy medications are safe to give your dog, continue reading this article on allergy medications that are safe for dogs.
Side effects of Polaramine for dogs
When antihistamines are taken as prescribed by a health care professional, they are usually very safe, meaning that no unwanted side effects occur.
Like any medication, polaramine can make your dog dizzy or drowsy, but symptoms may vary from dog to dog.
Common side effects of polaramine for dogs may include drowsiness, upset stomach, dry mouth, etc. However, if your dog shows any symptom that worries you, you should contact your veterinarian immediately.
Do not use polaramine or any other medication for your dog unless prescribed by your veterinarian. An overdose of polaramine can cause serious side effects. polaramine also lowers blood pressure.
If you suspect that your dog has accidentally ingested a higher dose of polaramine or other medication, continue reading this other article on poisoning in dogs to learn what to do.
Contraindications for Polaramine for dogs
Do not give polaramine to your dogs if:
- You are giving your dog another medication. In this case, be cautious about using polaramine because it can have serious side effects if it reacts with other medications.
- Your dog is already allergic to any component of a medication.
- Your dog shows symptoms such as vomiting or diarrhea, lower the dose.
- Your dog is pregnant, since it can affect the fetuses adversely.
If you want to learn more about natural alternatives to treat allergies in dogs, continue reading this other article about homeopathy for dogs with allergies.
This article is purely informative. AnimalWised does not have the authority to prescribe any veterinary treatment or create a diagnosis. We invite you to take your pet to the veterinarian if they are suffering from any condition or pain.
If you want to read similar articles to Polaramine for Dogs - Dosage, Uses and Side Effects, we recommend you visit our Medicine category.
- Bravo, Verónica, Martorell, Ana María and González, José Luis. (2011). Therapeutic options for canine atopic dermatitis . Veterinary Portal.
- Sacred, Pilar. Diagnostic approach and control of pruritus in the dog . Pet Center.