The Story of Laika: The First Dog in Space
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Although we may not be aware of this, many times the advances that the human being makes would not be possible without the unfortunate participation of animals, even though many times this participation is only fruitful for us. You may have been surprised when you heard that a dog traveled to space, but where did she come from, how did she prepare for this experience, what was the outcome?
In this AnimalWised article we want to tell you everything there is to know about the story of Laika: the first dog in space.
Laika, a mongrel adopted for experimentation
The United States and the Soviet Union were amid the space race, but somewhere along the way they had to think about what the consequences would be for a human being if they left the planet.
This uncertainty posed many risks, enough to decide it should not be assumed by any human being at first and, therefore, in order for correct evaluation and knowledge on the subject it was decided to experiment with animals first.
Several stray dogs were then collected from the streets of Moscow for this purpose, or at least this was the statement that transcended for history, it was considered that these dogs would be better prepared for a special trip because they had to endure extreme weather conditions and famine. Among them was Laika, a medium-sized mongrel dog with a very nice, calm and passive character.
Training for astronaut dogs
These dogs that were destined to try the effects of space travel had to undergo a hard and cruel training that could be summarized in three points:
- They were placed in centrifuges that simulated the acceleration of a rocket.
- They were placed on machines that mimicked the noise of the spacecraft.
- Progressively, they were enclosed in cages smaller and smaller so that they became accustomed to the size that would have in the space capsule.
Obviously the health of these dogs (specifically, 36 dogs were taken from the streets) was reduced due to his training, the simulation of acceleration and noise caused real increases in blood pressure. Moreover, as experimenting progressed, theywere each put in smaller and smaller cages, which led to them stopping to urinate and defecate, which in turn led to the administration of laxatives.
The story that was told and what what really happened to Laika
Due to her calm character and small size, Laika was finally chosen and on November 3, 1957 she was put on a space trip aboard Sputnik 2. The story that was explained by the Soviet authorities minimized the risks, Laika was safe inside her space capsule that in addition had automatic dispensers of water and food to ensure heir life for the duration of the trip, but this was actually not true.
It was said that Laika died without pain when the oxygen of the ship ended, but this was not reality either. So what actually happened? Nowadays we know it from the hands of the people who took part in that project and who showed the world the sad truth finally in the year 2002.
Unfortunately Laika died within hours of having embarked on a voyage, panic-stricken and affected by an overheating of the ship, according to Russian doctor Dimitri Malashenkov. Sputnik 2 continued to orbit the space with Laika's remains for another 5 months, and when it returned to Earth in April 1958, it burned as it came into contact with the atmosphere.
Laika's happy days
The person in charge of the training program for the astronaut dogs, Dr. Vladimir Yazdovsky, knew perfectly well that Laika was not going to survive, but in a certain way could not remain impassive before the precious dog's character.
A few days before Laika's space voyage, he decided to welcome her to his home so she could enjoy the last days of her life, during these brief days, Laika was able to feel accompanied by a human family and play with the children who lived in the home.
Without a doubt, this was the only fate that Laika should have deserved, a dog that will remain in our memory for being the first animal to travel to space.
The first American dog in space
Lakia was not the only dog that travelled to space. Sadly, many animals were experimented on during the Cold War period. Although many think that Laika was sent to space by Americans, truth is that NASA did not send dogs into space. The first animal Americans sent into space were actually fruit flies, which are also the first animals to be sent into space too.
In June 1949, Albert II, a rhesus monkey was also launched by NASA, although Laika was the first animal to go into orbit.
Animal experimentation has been undergone during many years since then by both the ex-Soviet Union, the United States, China, Iran and the European Space Agency. Sadly, the first animals to survive open-space exposure were a group of water-bears launched by the European Space Agency in 2007.
Sadly, many animals are still being used for these purposes nowadays. Cockroaches, mice, geckos are still being used in the XXIst century.
If you want to read similar articles to The Story of Laika: The First Dog in Space, we recommend you visit our Facts about the animal kingdom category.