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Types of Persian Cats

By Josie F. Turner, Journalist specialized in Animal Welfare. Updated: July 29, 2019
Types of Persian Cats

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The Persian cat is the feline with the most widely recorded pedigree. This very old cat breed comes from old Persia (modern-day Iran), hence its name. It was introduced to Italy in 1620. Nowadays, there are many different varieties of Persian cats.

Moreover, each type of Persian cat can be subdivided into various subtypes according to their characteristics, comprising a very extensive list which can be a useful frame of reference, although classifying these cats requires meticulous observation.

If you continue reading AnimalWised we will show you the main types of Persian cats and some of its most colorful variants.

You may also be interested in: Types of Siamese Cats

What do Persian cats look like?

Most cat lovers know what a Persian cat looks like, at least roughly. The Persian cat is characterized by its broad face, flat nose, round eyes and small ears. Its long and thick coat is very silky, which needs to be brushed daily, comes in a multitude of different colors, as you'll see below.

There are types of Persian cats in solid colors, some with spots and others with speckles. Male Persian cats only come in two colors, while females can come in three colors.

Types of Persian Cats - What do Persian cats look like?

What is the Persian cat's temperament like?

Persian cats sleep a lot. This breed seems to be very aware of its beauty and likes to be pampered, but doesn't like being handled too often - they seem to have all the stereotypes about cats.

The Persian is an aristocratic cat that requires much more attention than any other breed. It doesn't like being left alone and even follows family members around so as to not get separated from them. It is a very dependent pet, and must be carefully groomed and bathed to prevent tangles and knots in their coats.

Types of Persian Cats - What is the Persian cat's temperament like?

How to care for a Persian cat's fur

This breed needs to be washed more regularly than other cats. The Persian cat's coat is made from a very thick fur which should be bathed and brushed with professional tools, pet dryers and other specialized utensils. There are specific beauty and hygiene products for Persian cats in the market.

Moreover, it's advisable for its coat to be refined by a professional; the main way to enjoy an impeccable Persian cat is by getting a specialized pet groomer to regularly trim its fur. We also recommend learning how to remove knots and tangles from a Persian cat's coat.

Types of Persian Cats - How to care for a Persian cat's fur

How to care for a Persian cat's health

Visiting the vet regularly is a requirement. They will monitor your cat's health and administer the appropriate vaccines, and will provide vitamin supplements if necessary. When they preen themselves, Persian cats have a tendency to swallow dead hair from their coat. This might cause hairballs to form in their digestive tract. Malt should be given to Persian cats to prevent the accumulation of hair.

If you see that the cat has trichobezoars - the scientific name for hairballs - causing intestinal obstruction, one of its paws should be smeared with paraffin. When it licks the paw to clean it, the cat will ingest the paraffin which will help it to get rid of the hairballs.

If you're not absolutely sure what type of Persian cat you have, you can ask a professional for advice. But if they are unable to help you, keep reading:

Types of Persian cat

There are many different types of Persian cats, which breeders classify according to the color and pattern of their coat. The Cat Fanciers' Association, for instance, classifies Persian cats into:

  • Solid division: White, blue, black, red, cream, chocolate or lilac. Eyes are bright copper, but solid white Persian cats can also have blue or odd-matched eyes.
  • Silver and golden division: Chinchilla (usually smaller, white with black tips), shaded silver and gold, blue chinchilla and blue shaded silver and gold. Eyes are green or green-blue, rimmed in black.
  • Shaded and smoke division: Shell and shaded cameo, cream, tortoiseshell and blue-cream. Black, blue, cream, red, tortoiseshell, blue-cream, chocolate, lilac, chocolate tortoiseshell and lilac-cream smoke. Eyes are copper.
  • Tabby division: Classic, mackerel or patched tabbies can come in silver, blue silver, red, blue, brown, cream, cameo and cream cameo. Eyes are copper, although silver tabbies can have green or hazel eyes.
  • Particolor division: Tortoiseshell, blue-cream, lilac-cream and chocolate tortoiseshell. "Particolor", in this case, means "patched". Eyes are copper.
  • Bi-color division: Including calicoes, which have three colors. They can be smoke and white as well as tabby and white, as well as other solid color combinations. Eyes are copper, although silver tabbies with white can have green or hazel eyes.
  • Himalayan division, or Colorpoint Longhair: They have a very distinctive appearance due to their being originally bred with Siamese cats - hence their coloring. Himalaya cats are mostly white or fawn, but their face and extremities can be of almost any color. Their eyes are always blue.

Some associations classify Exotic Shorthairs - which a similar flat face but a shorter, more manageable coat - as the same breed as Persians. Similarly, some associations consider the Chinchilla Longhair a separate breed, since their nose is longer (and they can breathe better).

The International Cat Association, on the other hand, classifies Persian cats into three big groups: Traditional (with rich, deep colors), sepia (paler) and mink (the lightest of all).

Types of Persian Cats - Types of Persian cat

Do you know what type of Persian cat you have?

Send us a photo of your Persian cat below in the comments section, and we will try to help you as best as possible. Thank you for visiting AnimalWised!

Sir Winston's cat, for example, is a solid blue Persian, probably the most traditional variety of this breed. Thank you for sharing a picture!

If you want to read similar articles to Types of Persian Cats, we recommend you visit our Comparisons category.

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1249 comments
Rating:
Cameron G
I was curious what kind of Persian my kitty is?
Administrador AnimalWised
Hi,

It's hard to tell because they are so young. If they are a Persian, they will be a Traditional rather than Peke-type.
Rating:
Aks
I would like to know what breed my kitten is
Administrador AnimalWised
Hi Aks,

Possibly a Traditional Persian, although hard to tell from just a photo. Adorable!
Rating:
Frank Morgana
We adopted our cat an a 3 month old kitten, 11 years ago. He was born under a porch so we have no idea of parentage. However he appears to be Persian but without a pushed in nose. he does have black skin coloring inside of his mouth. He has a fairly short tail and has large paws. He is male and ways 11.5 lbs. I am attaching a couple of photos, one when he was a kitten and one taken more recently. If you determine he is Persian, is there a sub-type he can be identified with?
Administrador AnimalWised
Hi Frank,

It is very likely this cat has Persian heritage, but they look like they are mixed with other breeds, making them a Domestic Longhair.
Rating:
kamon310
We got two persians. I think both are different breeds than each other. I want to know which breed they are. Would appreciate suggestions.
Administrador AnimalWised
Hi,

Persian is the only breed. The breed type is split into facial structure as explained in the article. Their coat pattern and color is also a helpful descriptor for some people.
Rating:
Rhone
What is the probable breed of my kitten?
Administrador AnimalWised
Hi Rhone,

Probably a mixed breed making them a Domestic Longhair, although it is hard to be sure from a picture. Thanks for sharing!
Rating:
Aini Che Lah
I want to ask what type of persian my cat is
Rating:
Rhone
Hi. What is the breed of my kitten?
Rating:
Waranya Lekapojpanich
Hi, I can't identify what kind of persian he is. Could you help me please thankyou
Rating:
Ish
Her fur looks different from her parents. Parents are both persian tho I heard one has a bit of scottish breed.
Administrador AnimalWised
Hi Ish,

It is unlikely her parentage is full Persian. This cat is a mid-length haired cat, but Persians are a longhair breed.
Rating:
Tammie
I was told today Trixie is a chinchilla Persian. Would you agree?
Administrador AnimalWised
Hi Tammie,

While it is hard to tell for sure from the lighting in the pic, it does seem they have a chinchilla colored coat. We would also be surprised if they weren't purebred Peke-face Persian.

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