Why Do Bulls Attack The Color Red?
The belief that bulls hate the color red is quite common. This is especially due to the use of this color to aggravate bulls during bullfighting, an outdated and sad practice that unfortunately still takes place. Bullfighting is a common and well-known example of animal abuse, where bulls are often left so badly injured that they die.
Red is supposedly used to ‘‘anger’’ or ‘‘provoke’’ the animal. However, have you ever wondered to what extent this statement is true? Do you want to know why bulls attach the color red? Keep reading this AnimalWised article for more.
The bull (Bos primigenius taurus) is a quadruped mammal that belongs to the bovine family. It is characterized by its short hair, robust body and two prominent horns which protrude from its head. It is a herbivorous animal that can weigh more than a ton and measure up to 1,8 meters in length. Together with its companion, the cow, they are considered the most popular breeding mammals on farms.
Bulls have unfortunately also been used, for centuries, as the main attraction in bullfights. Bullfighting has become increasingly unpopular in the world, due to the cruelty and pain that it inflicts. During these bullfighting sessions, the bull is ‘‘toyed with’’ and manipulated with the help of a red capote. The end objective of this practice is to kill the animal with a thrust through the heart.
Due to the evolution of this a cruel-animal sport, the idea that these mammals hate the color red has spread. But how true is this? Keep reading to find out.
Is it true that bulls hate red?
There is a popular belief that bulls hate the color red, but how did this myth originate?
In the unethical practice of bullfighting, the bullfighter stands in front of the bull while moving a red cloak also known as the capote (a rigid layer about one hundred and ten centimeters long). The idea of this ‘sport’ is for the bull to try and charge the cape repeatedly while the bullfighter tries to dodge the bull. In the end, the bullfighter kills the bull with a picador (spear) that he stabs between the bull’s neck, through its heart. Many people believe that bulls charge this red cloth because they hate the color red, but the truth is that bulls don’t actually mind the color.
In addition, the color red does not actually influence the bull’s behavior. So you may ask, why do they ram this red cape if it has nothing to do with the color? The answer is quite simple: they do it because the object attracts their attention when they are agitated. This happens when the bull feels confused, threatened and is stressed due to it being surrounded by excessive noise.
This aggressiveness is also influenced by the bull’s genetics. Fighting bulls are genetically selected in their breeding, where only the strong, aggressive and ‘‘brave’’ bulls are chosen for reproduction.
Why do bulls ram?
If a bull rams a cape because of the movement and not because of the color, one may wonder what causes this violent reaction?
This species is incapable of comprehending smooth or slow movements, but it does perceive sudden and rapid movements. In addition, by instinct, bulls associate these movements with danger. Therefore if a fabric is violently agitated and shaken in front of a bull, it naturally provokes a strong reaction. This strong reaction causes the ‘‘brave and agitated’’ bull to face and attack the immediate threat.
How do bulls perceive color?
Bulls are able to perceive different colors. However, they do not differentiate them in the same way as humans do. Their vision is developed enough to be able to observe the world in a clearer way. Thanks to this intelligible observation, they can calculate distances and distinguish reliefs.
Bulls are short-sighted, making it difficult for them to observe things that are far away. With respect to the perception of tones, bulls have two types of visual cones unlike humans, who have three. This means that bulls perceive long to medium wave colors. These colors include: orange, red, yellow and greenish yellow. However, they cannot distinguish short wave tones, such as blue, gray and some greens.
Bulls also possess a third eyelid known as the tapetum lucidum. This tissue is located in the back of its eye and is responsible for capturing light from the outside, increasing the capacity of photoreceptors and, therefore, improving vision in low light conditions. For this reason, a bull’s eyes will shine if in contact with direct light at night.
Below, we present you with a picture of Christophe Thomas, who rescued a fighting bull to show the world that they are not inherently aggressive. The Fadjen Association aims to show how bulls and humans can have good relationships. This association aims to protest the unethical practice of bullfighting.
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