Why Is My Cat Vomiting White Foam

Why Is My Cat Vomiting White Foam

Although many caregivers think it is normal for cats to vomit frequently, the fact is that acute episodes of recurrent vomiting or vomiting over time calls for veterinary consultation and can be due to many different causes.If your cat is vomiting, it is important to note whether this vomiting is acute (many vomiting in a short time) or chronic (1-2 daily vomiting or almost not remitting) and if, in addition, there are other symptoms such as diarrhea. In this AnimalWised article, we are going to focus on describing the most common causes of why your cat is vomiting white foam.

Gastrointestinal causes of white-foam vomit

The most likely motive behind vomiting is due to an irritation of the digestive system. At the time of diagnosis it is important to take into account whether the vomiting is sporadic or persistent and whether or not there are other symptoms. In addition, take note of the content of the vomit, as it can appear as foam, food, blood or even parasites.

Some of the gastrointestinal causes are the following:

  • Gastritis: gastritis in cats can be acute or chronic and, in both cases, require veterinary assistance. In gastritis, an irritation of the stomach wall occurs. This can happen when a substance such as grass, some foods, medications or toxic substances are ingested, resulting in intoxication. When this is chronic we can see that the mantle of our cat loses its quality. If it is not treated, our cat will also likely suffer from weight loss. However, it must be our veterinarian who identifies the specific cause and prescribes appropriate treatment.
  • Foreign bodies: hairballs in cats occur specifically during the molting season. Sometimes hair forms inside the digestive system as hard balls, known as trichobezoars, which can be so large that they can not come out on their own. Thus, this presence of foreign bodies can cause irritation of the digestive system. This can also sometimes result as an obstruction or even intussusception (introduction of a segment of the intestine in the intestine itself), in which case surgical intervention could be necessary.
  • Inflammatory bowel disease: is one of the most common causes of vomiting in cats and should be differentiated from other pathologies such as lymphoma. A veterinarian will be responsible for carrying out relevant tests. In these cases we can see that the cat will vomit white foam and suffes from diarrhea or, at least, chronic decomposition.

Note that one of the most common infectious disease of the gastrointestinal system is feline panleukopenia. This virus results in bloody vomiting and profuse diarrhea. In addition a suffering cat will usually have a fever and will not eat. If you notice or believe that your cat may be suffering from this panleukopenia, we suggest visiting your veterinarian as soon as possible.

Other causes of foam vomiting

Sometimes, vomiting does not occur due to problems in the stomach or intestine, but through organs such as the liver, pancreas or kidney. These conditions are known as:

  • Pancreatitis: all feline pancreatitis require veterinary treatment. It can occur acutely or, more often, chronically and may concur with other diseases, such as gastrointestinal, liver disease and/or diabetes. It consists of inflammation or swelling of the pancreas, an organ responsible for producing; enzymes needed for digestion and insulin needed to metabolize sugar. Among the symptoms are vomiting, diarrhea and thinning the coat.
  • Hepatic insufficiency: the liver fulfills important functions such as the elimination of waste or metabolism. A failure in its functioning will cause non-specific symptoms, such as vomiting, lack of appetite or thinning. In more advanced cases jaundice can occur, known as the yellowing of mucous membranes and skin. Several diseases, toxins or tumors can affect the liver, so diagnosis and veterinary treatment will be essential.
  • Diabetes: Diabetes in cats is characterized by inadequate production of insulin, which is the substance responsible for providing glucose to the cells. Without insulin, glucose accumulates in the blood and symptoms occur. If your cat is suffering from diabetes, you will notice it drinking, eating and urinating more. Even if your cat doesn’t get fat, you will notice vomiting, alterations in the fur and bad breath.
  • Renal insufficiency: renal failure is a very common disorder in elderly cats. Kidney damage can occur both acutely or chronically. Chronic renal failure can not be cured but it can be treated in order to give your cat the best chance at quality of life. Therefore it is essential to go to the veterinarian as soon as you observe symptoms such as a considerable increase in water intake, a change in the excretion of urine, loss of appetite, dehydration, a poorly conditioned mantle, dull mood, weakness, mouth injuries, breath with strange odor or vomiting. Acute cases require urgent veterinary attention.
  • Hyperthyroidism: the thyroid gland is located in the neck and is responsible for producing thyroxine. Its excess implies the development of a clinical case, common to cats over the age of 10. Symptoms will consist of weight loss, significant increase in activity (we will notice that the cat does not stop), increase in food and water intake, vomiting, diarrhea, increased urination and, excessive vocalizations.
  • Parasites: if our kitten vomits white foam and we have not dewormed it internally it could be infested with internal parasites. In these cases, we may also observe that the cat will vomit white foam and will not eat. Diarrhea may also be present. all of these discomforts are caused by the action of the parasites. This situation is more likely to occur in kittens than in adults, as they are more resistant to parasites. Your veterinarian can recommend some of the best products for deworming cats.

It is quite noticeable that many of these diseases have common symptoms, therefore it is very important to visit a veterinarian as soon as possible for accurate diagnosis and treatment.

Avoid and treat foam vomiting

Once exposed the most common causes that explain why a cat vomits white foam, we will see some recommendations on what we can do to prevent and act in this situation. They are the following:

  • Vomiting is a symptom that should not be left without treatment.
  • It is a good idea to write down the observed symptoms . In the case of vomiting, one must look at its composition and frequency. This will help a veterinarian reach a diagnosis.
  • We must provide our cat with an adequate diet for its nutritional needs, avoiding foods that may make your cat feel nauseous or provoke allergic reactions.
  • Keep your cat in a safe environment to prevent it from swallowing a potentially dangerous object.
  • As for hair balls, you should brush your cat, especially during molting season, since this way we help eliminate dead hair. We can also count on the help of malt for cats or feed which is specially formulated to favor hair transit.
  • It is important to maintain an internal and external deworming calendar, even if our cat does not have access to the outside. A veterinarian will provide you with appropriate guidelines according to your circumstance.
  • If our cat vomits once and is still in good spirits, you can wait and observe before contacting a veterinarian. On the other hand, if the vomiting is repeated and you notice other symptom,s you must go to the veterinarian immediately.
  • Finally, from 6-7 years of age we suggest that, at least once a year, you take your cat to the veterinary clinic for a complete medical review. These medical reviews will make sure that your cat is kept in constant good healthy. This review will also allow the vet to notice if there is any presence of disease or virus, allowing for early treatment.

This article is purely informative. AnimalWised does not have the authority to prescribe any veterinary treatment or create a diagnosis. We invite you to take your pet to the veterinarian if they are suffering from any condition or pain.

If you want to read similar articles to Why Is My Cat Vomiting White Foam, we recommend you visit our Other health problems category.