Why Is My Dog Vomiting And Has Diarrhea?
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Vomiting and diarrhea are relatively common in dogs and can sometimes worry their owners. This situation can become increasingly worrying if it doesn't desist or if there is an appearance of blood in the vomit or feces. Some symptoms such; anorexia, apathy or fever can even worsen this clinical case.
In this AnimalWised article we will tell you why your dog is vomiting and has diarrhea. We will cover the most probable causes, which can range from simple indigestion to viral diseases, such as parvovirus.
Vomiting and Diarrhea in Dogs
The most common causes of vomiting and diarrhea in dogs have to do with the digestive system. If there is a gastrointestinal dysfunction that takes place, it will affect the stomach and intestines. This will therefore domino-effect consequently varying the appearance and presence of vomit or diarrhea.
It is necessary to distinguish between vomiting and regurgitation. When an animal vomits, we will notice abdominal movements and sounds which is forced. Regurgitation on the other hand takes place without effort. Diarrhea, is the frequent bowel movement of liquids. In feces, fresh blood is called hematochezia, while digested blood, which appears as an almost black color, is called mane.
All of the above data is necessary to share with a veterinarian when we are trying to come to a diagnosis. If your dog vomits once in a blue moon, or presents diarrhea with no other symptoms, it should pass. However, if your dog has been suffering from vomiting and diarrhea for an extended amount of time and is showing other symptoms, we suggest going to your veterinarian for a consultation.
Principle causes of vomiting and diarrhea in dogs
By observing your dog, you can gather necessary information to share with your veterinarian. The more information your vet is given, the better and faster he/she can come to a diagnosis and appropriate treatment. There are several reasons that can explain why your dog is throwing up and has diarrhea, these include;
- Infections: caused by bacteria and viruses or protozoa, produce vomiting and diarrhea and should be treated by a veterinarian.
- Indigestion: dogs tend to overeat, including questionable products such as remains of human consumption or garbage. although their stomachs are sometimes prepared for some of these "edibles", it is not strange that they can sometimes end up causing spontaneous diarrhea and vomiting.
- Intolerance or food allergies: in these cases chronic vomiting and diarrhea will appear, in addition to other more frequent symptoms such as itching. This symptom requires veterinary follow-ups, the performance of allergy tests and the implementation of a hypoallergenic diet.
- Medications: some drugs produce digestive alterations that can result in diarrhea and vomiting. You must inform your veterinarian if your dog is taking medication, as well as provide the name of the medication and its dosage. This will be necessary to suspend or change the treatment.
- Underlying diseases: sometimes, there are disorders, such as kidney diseases, which can cause vomiting and diarrhea. These are usually detected through a blood test.
- Obstructions: due to the gluttonous nature of dogs, it is not uncommon for them to ingest objects such as bones or toys that act as an obstruction in their digestive system. On the occasion that the object has caused severe damage, it might have to be removed through surgical intervention.
- Poisoning: the ingestion of some products can cause a poisoning, symptoms including vomiting and diarrhea. Dog poisoning requires hospitalization immediately!
- Parasites: in very serious cases of parasitosis , vomiting and, above all, diarrhea can occur. A veterinarian, by examining the feces, will be able to determine what type of parasite they are dealing with and administer an appropriate dewormer. At this point it is important to highlight the pertinence of establishing an adequate and strict deworming calendar.
- Stress: in cases of very severe stress or long-lasting stress, a dog may present vomiting and diarrhea and will need professional help.
Given the number of possible causes for vomiting and diarrhea in dogs. In the next three sections, we will look at three of the most common example.
My dog is vomiting and pooping blood
Blood can appear in stool in a fresh (hemactechial) or digested (mane) form. This aspect can helps us to locate its place of origin, which will help facilitate the reason why vomiting and diarrhea with blood is occurring.
Hemactechial blood originates from the lower section of the digestive system. Mane comes from the upper positions of the digestive system.
The additional presence of vomiting guides us to a of a gastrointestinal disorder. Any other symptoms need to be shared with your veterinarian, including the dog’s behavior.
My dog is vomiting, has diarrhea and won’t eat
Vomiting, diarrhea and anorexia, are typical symptoms of a gastrointestinal disorders. It is easy to understand that, if our dog is feeling any stomach pain they won’t want to eat.
These mild cases remit spontaneously in a few hours. It is only necessary to go to a veterinarian if the vomiting and diarrhea do not stop. During these episodes you should not offer food or water or to your dog . The reason for this is that unless already treated, it will cause them to vomit more.
Once a couple of hours have passed, you can offer your dog a little water, just a couple of sips. If your dog hasn’t vomited after 30 minutes it means you can give it a little more. In these milder cases the dog does not usually suffer from dehydration. If your dog hasn’t vomited for a couple of hours, you can then offer it some food. But offer it in small, patient and slow doses.
If your dog has been vomiting for a few hours, we suggest feeding it a softer diet easier to digest. Some homemade diets are perfect to feed a dog which has been vomiting, such as rice, ham or cooked chicken.
Here are some recommendations to help prevent vomiting, diarrhea and anorexia;
- Avoid letting your dog access potentially toxic substances such as; detergents, insecticides and human food which are toxic for dogs. You must also make sure your dog avoids playing with dangerous objects that can easily accidentally be swallowed.
- Accustom your dog to the right quality and dose of food provided by the manufacturer.
- Follow the vaccination and deworming schedule recommended by your veterinarian as this will avoid some serious infections caused by viruses and, also, the negative effect of intestinal parasites.
- Never medicate your dog without veterinary prescription. Even the most common drugs in human medicine can be deadly to a dog. The reason for this is that dogs do not metabolize them like the humans do.
- Offer your dog a stress free life.
- Go to the veterinarian when vomiting and/or diarrhea contains blood and does not desist. In addition, if your dog is showing symptoms we suggest going to the veterinarian as soon as possible. In addition, after approximately 7 it is recommended that your dog undergo an annual veterinary check-up in which at least one blood test is performed. In it it is possible to detect diseases in early stages, susceptible to produce vomiting and diarrhea.
Why is my puppy having diarrhea and throwing up?
Finally, we take into account puppies who are experiencing vomiting and diarrhea. The causes that generates gastrointestinal disorders in puppies are basically the same as those in adult dogs. The difference however, is that puppies are more prone to dehydration than adult dogs, because of their size and immature immune system. They are also more prone to diseases and parasites, which can cause them more serious damage than in an adult dog.
Therefore it is necessary to be scrupulous with the compliance of your puppies deworming, vaccination schedules, and safety measures. When vomiting and diarrhea occur in puppies you should contact your veterinarian immediately, especially if bloody feces are present.
This article is purely informative. AnimalWised does not have the authority to prescribe any veterinary treatment or create a diagnosis. We invite you to take your pet to the veterinarian if they are suffering from any condition or pain.
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