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How to Help Calm Down a Fearful Dog

María Besteiros
By María Besteiros, Expert veterinary assistant and canine/feline hairdresser.. Updated: February 28, 2024
How to Help Calm Down a Fearful Dog

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As a responsible dog owner, we know that you prioritize the well-being of your beloved furry friend, aiming to provide them with a safe, loving, and fear-free environment. Just like humans, dogs can experience moments of unease or fear in certain situations. Our main objective here is to offer you gentle and effective methods to minimize fear and establish a supportive environment for your loyal companion.

In this AnimalWised article, we will delve into practical tips and expert advice to help you calm down a fearful dog.

You may also be interested in: How To Calm Down A Dog


  1. Why is my dog scared and hiding all of a sudden?
  2. Ways to calm your dog at home
  3. Ways to calm your dog at home in public
  4. How to prevent my dog from being scared?

Why is my dog scared and hiding all of a sudden?

Dogs, like humans and many other animals, experience fear as a natural response to perceived threats or unfamiliar stimuli. The feeling of fear is an evolutionary survival mechanism that helps protect animals from potential dangers and allows them to respond appropriately to challenging situations. Some of the most common reasons dogs feel scared are:

  • Loud noises: dogs have sensitive hearing, which is far more acute than humans. Loud and sudden noises like fireworks, thunderstorms, or even construction sounds can startle and frighten them.

  • Medical conditions: certain medical conditions or illnesses can cause dogs to experience pain or discomfort, leading to fearful behavior and a desire to hide.

  • Changes in the environment: dogs are creatures of habit, and sudden changes in their environment, such as moving to a new home or rearranging furniture, can trigger feelings of fear and uncertainty.

  • Cognitive decline: older dogs might experience cognitive decline, leading to confusion and fear as they struggle to comprehend their surroundings.

  • Genetics: some breeds may have a predisposition to anxiety and fearfulness due to their genetic makeup.

Apart from the factors mentioned earlier, there are other important considerations related to why dogs may experience fear. Negative past experiences can profoundly influence a dog's emotional state. For instance, if a dog was once attacked by another animal, it is natural for them to feel anxious or fearful when faced with similar situations. Additionally, dogs that haven't received sufficient socialization during their puppyhood may feel uneasy and afraid in unfamiliar environments or when interacting with new people and animals.

When dogs feel scared, they often instinctively seek out a safe and secure hiding spot as a coping mechanism. Hiding provides them with a sense of protection and helps them avoid perceived threats. As responsible dog owners, it is crucial to be aware of the signs of fear in our pets and create a reassuring and calm environment to alleviate their anxiety.

How to Help Calm Down a Fearful Dog - Why is my dog scared and hiding all of a sudden?

Ways to calm your dog at home

Preventing a dog from getting scared is the ideal approach, but it's not always feasible. When faced with a frightened dog at home, it's essential to take immediate measures to prevent fear from escalating. Here are some recommendations to help a scared dog feel safe and calm:

  • Stay by their side: be a comforting presence for your dog, as you serve as a secure reference for them. However, be cautious about when and how you offer physical affection. While emotions shouldn't be reinforced, behaviors can be. Avoid caressing the dog when they are scared, as this might unintentionally encourage fearful behavior. Instead, provide calming touches when they are calm and by your side. Maintain a composed demeanor and speak to them in a soothing and affectionate tone.

  • Create a safe space: move to a small room with controlled access to enhance the dog's feeling of security. Avoid staying outdoors or in open spaces, which can intensify their anxiety. Lowering the blinds or covering windows with cardboard can help reduce light and noise, providing a comforting environment. Playing soothing music or having the TV on at a low volume may also be beneficial for some dogs.

  • Avoid harsh methods: never yell, force, or handle a frightened dog roughly, as this will only exacerbate their nervousness. Instead, treat them with patience, understanding, and kindness.

  • Offer distractions: in the initial stages of fear, try engaging the dog in activities they enjoy, such as playing with their favorite toy or practicing obedience exercises. These distractions can help shift their focus away from the source of fear and reward positive behavior.

  • Pharmaceutical management: in severe cases of fear, consult a veterinarian to assess the possibility of pharmaceutical intervention. Tranquilizers or other medications can be prescribed by a qualified professional to help alleviate the dog's anxiety. However, this should always be done under the guidance of a veterinarian.

Remember, each dog is unique, so be attentive to their specific needs and reactions. You might be interested in this other article, where we explain what separation anxiety in dogs is.

Ways to calm your dog at home in public

Caring for a scared dog outside the home can be even more challenging and stressful for both the caregivers and the animal. The fear of the unknown, combined with the potential of the dog escaping and becoming uncontrollable, requires a careful and patient approach. Here are some guidelines on how to calm a scared dog outside:

  • Remain calm: just like at home, it's crucial to stay composed and avoid forcing or yelling at the dog. Speak to the dog in a soothing tone to provide reassurance.

  • Secure leash handling: if the dog tries to wriggle out of the collar, ensure the leash is secured at the bottom of their collar, towards the ground. This prevents them from slipping out over the top of their head.

  • Avoid unwanted reinforcement: If the dog is attempting to escape, and you need to hold them, avoid caressing them in an effort to reassure them. Physical affection at this moment could inadvertently reinforce their escape behavior.

  • Increase distance from triggers: try to move the dog away from the source of their fear, maintaining a distance where they feel safe. If they are afraid of other dogs, people, bicycles, or other triggers, create space between them and the source of fear. If possible, keep the dog sitting or calm during the encounter. Reward them for following your commands or remaining composed.

  • Redirect attention: in the early stages of fear, offering the dog a favorite toy or engaging in obedience exercises can help redirect their attention away from the trigger and ease their anxiety.

  • Consider going home: depending on the severity of the dog's fear and their ability to cope with the situation, it might be best to consider returning home if it provides a safer and more familiar environment.

  • Professional training: if your dog's fear is pervasive and significantly impacts their quality of life, consider seeking help from a professional dog trainer or animal behaviorist. They can provide personalized strategies to address your dog's specific fears and anxieties.

Remember that each dog is unique, and their reactions to fear may vary. Do not miss this other article where we explain how to properly introduce your dog to a new dog.

How to Help Calm Down a Fearful Dog - Ways to calm your dog at home in public

How to prevent my dog from being scared?

Preventing your dog from being scared involves several proactive measures to create a safe and comforting environment for them. Here are some essential tips to help prevent fear in your dog:

  • Good socialization: proper socialization from a young age is crucial. Exposing the dog to various stimuli helps them become familiar with different situations, reducing the likelihood of fear.

  • Gradual introductions: when introducing your dog to new experiences or changes in their environment, do so gradually. This allows them to adapt more easily and reduces the likelihood of overwhelming fear.

  • Use safety collars and harnesses: when going outside, ensure the dog is securely leashed with a safety collar or harness that prevents them from escaping. Double leashing may be necessary in some cases.

  • Consistent walking routes: following the same walking route helps the dog establish a safe area, which can be gradually expanded. Avoid walking during potentially stressful times, such as fireworks or rush hour.

  • Create a safe space: designate a safe area in the home where the dog can seek comfort and reassurance.

  • Calming gadgets: certain gadgets, such as body wraps, earplugs, and other accessories, may help relax a dog during stressful events.

  • Positive associations: associate potentially fearful situations with positive experiences. For example, reward your dog with treats or praise during vet visits or exposure to unfamiliar people.

  • Regular exercise: ensure your dog receives regular exercise to help reduce stress and anxiety. Physical activity can contribute to a more balanced and confident demeanor.

  • Prescribed medication: in severe cases, your veterinarian may prescribe tranquilizers to help the dog cope with fear. Always follow their recommendations.

  • Seek professional help: if fear-related issues persist despite trying various strategies, consult a professional dog behavior expert. Exaggerated fears that interfere with the dog's well-being and daily life should be assessed and treated by an experienced professional.

You might be interested in this other article where we explain how to calm down a hyperactive dog.

If you want to read similar articles to How to Help Calm Down a Fearful Dog, we recommend you visit our Basic care category.

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How to Help Calm Down a Fearful Dog