How To Make A Puppy Poop
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It is recommended that a puppy stays with its mother for a minimum of 8 weeks. However, sometimes, due to unfortunate circumstances such as abandonment or death, this cannot happen. In such cases, these puppies need help to do things, such as defecate. For this reason, in this AnimalWised article, we are going to focus on how to make a puppy poop.
Care that mothers provide to their puppies
When puppies are born, they are very dependent on their mothers. They cannot see, as their eyes remain closed for approximately 10 days. They keep a piece of the umbilical cord, which their mother has cut with her teeth, for about 7-10 days. They cannot walk until about 2-3 weeks after birth. During this time, it is their mother who is in charge of providing them with food, hygiene and, most importantly, heat care, since puppies are not able to regulate their own temperature.
When puppies are newborns, their mothers lick their genital and anal areas, helping stimulate the elimination reflex and allowing the puppies to release urine and feces. When mothers are missing, we must be then take responsibility in maintaining the welfare of these puppies, as well as ensuring proper development. This means that it is essential to know how to stimulate a puppy to defecate.
How to stimulate a puppy to poop? Step-by-step
In the absence of the mother, puppies should stay together so that, at least during the recommended 8 weeks, they can socialize with each other. In their first days of life they need to be kept in a warm environment, such as a cardboard box with a comfortable blanket or cushion. We recommend placing a puppy pad covering the bottom of the box. If you have more than one puppy, by staying together, contact between them can serve to stimulate each other to urinate or defecate. The puppy pad will ensure that they always remain dry and, in addition, it is easy to change making sure that the puppies remain clean and hygienic. As they are still small and fragile, their immune systems have not quite yet developed, so you have to monitor puppies constantly, as any infection or illness can result in death.
Puppies should be fed special puppy milk every 2-3 hours both day and night. This milk can be found in veterinary clinics or specialized stores. As they grow, they will eat less regularly and by 3 weeks should begin eating more solid foods. It is important to use a bottle with newborn puppies, since its mechanism allows the puppy to suck the milk at his own pace. Other methods, such as using a syringe, can cause milk to pass too quickly and without the puppy’s control it can lead to choking or aspiration pneumonia. Once the puppy has been fed, it is important to place them vertically in our hands as they should not digest on their backs. From this position we can proceed with stimulation to aid defecation. This technique is only necessary during the puppy’s first weeks. Once they start to walk and feed themselves, this will mean they should be able to also defecate themselves. However, until then, here are some steps to follow:
- Place the puppy on its back, resting on our hand.
- Put a puppy pad in the defecating area, either under or above the puppy.
- Have a a container with warm water and a few cottons or gauze prepared.
- Wet the cotton well, although it does not need to be soaked, and gently pass it from the genital to the anal area.
- Do this several times, gently.
- This stimulation, which simulates the movement of its mother, promotes urination and defecation.
- If this action doesn't work, massage the belly softly with cotton.
- If you notice that after a day the puppy still hasn’t defecated or urinated, you should contact your veterinarian, as any discomfort can be fatal for these puppies.
- After the defecating process you must make sure that the puppy is clean and, above all, dry. The reason for this is that puppies can get cold very easily and this can result in illness.
- Puppies should pee and poop several times a day.
These steps are also suitable for constipation in nursing puppies if the mother fails to stimulate them correctly. And it is important to remember that a puppy usually defecates after each feeding.
Caring for an orphan puppy
Once you know how to stimulate a puppy to defecate, other recommendations that have to be taken into account when caring for these little orphans are:
- If you find an abandoned litter, you must go to your veterinarian immediately so that the puppies can be examined for any illnesses. This examination can also help to determine the age of the puppies and the vet can then deworm or vaccinate them appropriately.
- It is important to keep the puppies in a calm environment and warm environment.
- Puppies spend a good part of the day sleeping. As they grow older they will be able to stay awake longer. During sleep they might shake or whimper, this is completely normal.
- While they still have their eyes closed you should make sure that there is no inflammation present. Inflammation can signal ocular infection, which needs to be prevented. Therefore, if any of the puppies have swollen eyes or apparent discharge they should receive veterinary attention immediately.
- You need to also be very aware of a puppy’s navel. If there are any scabs or considerable stains in this area, you should clean it with gauze or cotton, soaked in saline or disinfectant. The navel should always be kept dry and clean to avoid infection. After birth, puppies will still keep a piece of umbilical cord. This will dry naturally until it completely falls out after 8-10 days. If the navel appears inflamed, red, hot, oozing or painful, we recommend going to the vet immediately.
- Any change should be discussed with a veterinarian, especially during the first days of life: temperature drop, lack of appetite, whining, absence of eliminations and / or movements, infections, diarrhea, secretions, etc.
- Puppies must always remain warm, suck vigorously and grow bigger day by day.
- The presence of crusts and/or areas without hair can indicate that the temperature at which the puppies are found is too low or that the environment is lacking in hygiene.
If you want to read similar articles to How To Make A Puppy Poop, we recommend you visit our Basic care category.