How to Take Care of a Pomeranian - Puppy and Adult

By Josie F. Turner, Journalist specialized in Animal Welfare. October 4, 2017
How to Take Care of a Pomeranian - Puppy and Adult

Animal file: Pomeranian

The pomeranian is one of the most popular "toy" or miniature dogs in the world. Due to their sweet expression and plush appearance, many decide to adopt them to enjoy a loyal, caring and intelligent dog. However, very few know that their character can also stand out for being strong, active and curious. So, they also need plenty exercise and special care.

To ensure that your furry companion is comfortable and happy, AnimalWised want to talk about how to take care of a pomeranian - both puppies and adults!

You may also be interested in: How To Take Care Of A Boxer

Pomeranian hair care

Undoubtedly, their long, silky and abundant fur, is the most characteristic feature of the pomeranian. However, their aesthetic can only be maintained through thorough care.

Pomeranian puppy hair care

Between four and eight months of age, the Pomeranian puppy experiences a significant fall of fur, losing almost all its hair. This process is carried out with a clear purpose: to get rid of their puppy coat and give way to adult hair. This is natural, so we should not be alarmed if we see that our Pomeranian puppy loses a lot of hair during this period of time. Likewise, we will observe some examples color variations. In general, white, black or tan dogs, do not usually experience this change of color. However, you may notice a change in those dogs who are cream, orange or reddish.

During the first shedding period of the pomeranian puppy, it is advisable to start daily brushing. Not only will it speed up the process, but you will get the animal accustomed to this habit and turn it into a pleasant activity for them.

Adult Pomeranian Hair Care

From eight months of age, the pomeranian should have their adult coat. However, it can continue to grow until the age of three years. The hair of this breed consists of two layers, the outer one, with a long and smooth coat, and the inner one, more dense, short and woolly. Thus, the care of adult pomeranian hair should be focused on maintaining both layers, avoiding those products and brushes that can harm either of them. In this sense, the brush known as "furminator" (in spite of its excellent results with most dogs) can cause the breakage of the fur of a pomeranian. We should use several brushes for different purposes:

  • Soft, double layer brush or long barbed brush for daily brushing. These tools allow us to keep their coat in perfect condition, brushing always in favor of the hair, layers and without pulling abruptly.
  • Rake or metal comb to untangle hair. If there is any knot, we will have to eliminate it with these utensils, being very careful and avoiding damage to the animal.

If we cannot brush our dog every day, it will be essential to do it a minimum of twice a week. And, during periods of shedding or moulting, it will be essential to do it daily.

In addition to brushing, it is advisable to go to a dog groomer to trim the excess hair and keep the coat in its proper condition. In this sense, it is important to emphasize that it is not recommended to shave a pomeranian. This would deprive the animal of their fur's main function: to protect their skin.

How to Take Care of a Pomeranian - Puppy and Adult - Pomeranian hair care


After brushing, and to continue with pomeranian basic care, proceed to check their ears and clean them if necessary. Also, check the state of their eyes and remove the accumulated discharge every day, because this dog breed is prone to it Finally, check the length of their nails, since like most small dogs, they tend to grow quickly and, therefore, we must cut them often to prevent health problems or walking difficulties.

Pomeranian bath time

Of course, to maintain the hygiene of the pomeranian, it is necessary to bathe them regularly, or to do it when they are really dirty. In general, it is recommended to give them baths every month or two months, because if we carry out this practice too often, then their coat could be harmed.

If you have just adopted a puppy, it is important to note that the first bath cannot be done until the animal has had all their vaccines and is correctly dewormed. Also, we advise you to use a shampoo specific for puppies.

Once adulthood arrives, use dog-friendly shampoo and conditioner to keep their coat properly hydrated. When selecting products we recommend opting for those of quality, specially designed for long hair and, if desired, to offer more volume to the mantle. Before proceeding to bathe the pomeranian, brush their coat and untangle it with care. After doing this, wet all the hair and apply the shampoo throughout the body, exerting a gentle massage on the skin and avoiding the area of ​​the eyes, ears and mouth. Then rinse with plenty of warm water and repeat the process again. Finally, if possible, apply conditioner and let it act for five minutes before rinsing.

After bathing, it is necessary to dry the pomeranian's hair to prevent it from catching cold. People often ask us how to dry a pomeranian. You can use a hair dryer from a distance of at least 30 cm, watching the temperature to avoid burning them or making them uncomfortable.

Dental care

The pomeranian is a dog with a tendency to accumulate an excessive amount of tartar, as well as to the development of dental problems. Keeping on top of their dental hygiene is essential if you want to prevent them from losing their teeth in the future. To guarantee it, it is necessary to accustom the animal from a puppy to cleaning their teeth frequently and, if necessary, to perform dental hygiene at the vet clinic.

On the other hand, during the puppy stage, and due to the growth of their teeth, we can observe how the animal tries to bite at absolutely everything. At this time, it is necessary to teach the pomeranian both to inhibit their bite and to use the appropriate objects by providing them with toys for this purpose.

Emptying the anal glands

As with all dogs, the pomeranian's anal glands store a lubricating substance that, if not emptied, can lead to serious infections. In general, it is recommended to do this once a month, either by the veterinarian, the canine hairdresser, or yourself if you know how to do it. If you prefer the last option, we recommend consulting our first article: " Everything you need to know about a dog's anal glands ".

Walks, exercise and fun

Despite their adorable appearance, pomeranians are active and intelligent dogs, who need walks, exercise and many games to stay well stimulated. In this way, it is recommended to carry out two to three daily walks, taking a total of 45-90 minutes a day in the case of adult dogs.

Pomeranian puppy exercise

During the puppy stage it is important not to force the animal to perform very intense exercise or for a very long time, since we could damage the development of their joints. Thus, take shorter walks with the purpose of initiating their socialization and getting used to their new surroundings, to the presence of other people, animals, objects, landscapes and noises. If not, the pomeranian could become distrustful, fearful and destructive as a consequence.

If they still do not have the mandatory vaccines, you can take them outside, but with more caution. This means you can take them in your arms so that they begin to become familiar with the environment, or let them walk in places that we know to be safe, with no other animals or risks to the little one.

Adult pomeranian exercise

Once adulthood arrives, you have to give them their required walks as well as games at home. For this, we can make use of intelligence games, which will keep their mind stimulated, as the toys adapt to their jaw. In this sense, food dispensing toys like the kong are perfect, since ensuring that the animal is entertained associates the activity with a positive stimulus and keeps them active. We can even use it if we leave the house for a few hours.

How to Take Care of a Pomeranian - Puppy and Adult - Walks, exercise and fun

Veterinary care

Due to the excessive crossing between members of the same family to reach the race that we know today, the pomeranian tends to suffer genetic problems: luxation, eye diseases and, as already mentioned, dental problems. To prevent and detect them in time, it is essential to go to regular visits with the veterinarian, as well as follow the vaccination and deworming schedules.

Especially if you have just adopted a puppy, you must ensure proper deworming to avoid the arrival of fleas and ticks, as well as vaccinate them to avoid the spread of diseases that mainly attack during this stage, such as canine parvovirus.

Attention, affection and love

The Pomeranian is a loving dog that needs a lot of attention from their human companions. However, this does not mean that they always like to be in arms. Despite being an animal that demands a lot of love, they also prefer people to respect their space and not feel overwhelmed. The most appropriate way to meet their emotional needs is through petting them gently, good words and, above all, positive reinforcement.

Especially when the pomeranian is old, it is fundamental to offer all the attention and affection that the animal demands.

If you want to read similar articles to How to Take Care of a Pomeranian - Puppy and Adult, we recommend you visit our Basic care category.

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