My Female Dog In Heat Won’t Accept A Male - Causes
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There are no tricks to force a bitch accept being mounted. Animals act according to experience, learning and ethology. If your dog does not want to do something it should never be forced. In fact, it should be respected and understood that every animal does specific things in their own time. We must be attentive to the behavior of our dogs in order to help them; offering them the best possible option of quality of life.
That’s why in this AnimalWised article we want to help you uncover a female dog’s behavior, specifically when she is in heat. Keep reading to find out why your bitch is rejecting males, and does not allow for mounting.
Heat in bitches
Female dogs are sexually mature after their first heat, which occurs between 6 and 12 months of age. However, being sexually mature does not necessarily imply being physiologically prepared to breed. You must wait until your dog has experienced at least a year of heat before allowing her to be mounted.
A bitch's reproductive cycle is regulated by; pituitary hormones, luteinizing hormones, follicle stimulating hormones, estrogen and progesterone. In addition, a female dog’s heat consists of 4 phases:
- Proestrous: this dog heat phase lasts between approximately 6 and 11 days. Towards the end of this phase there is a peak concentration of estrogen in the blood. At this time, we will observe that the bitch shows aggressiveness towards the male and does not accept copulation, despite him feeling attracted to her. In addition, you will notice swelling of her vulva; mediated by estrogen. Likewise, it is normal to notice the appearance of blood due to an over-vascularization of the area.
- Estrus: this dog heat phase lasts about 5 to 9 days. At this stage, a luteinizing hormone peak appears; causing the ovulation or libration of the immature ovule that, thanks to the follicle stimulating hormone, will mature. During this fertility phase, a female dog will continue to; attract a male, accept copulation and maintain vulva swelling.
- Diestrus: at the end of the estrus phase, whether there has been fertilization of the ovules or not, there is a phase in which her progesterone levels are very high. If copulation has proven successful, this hormone will serve to prepare the uterus, preventing chance of miscarriage or alternative complication. This phase lasts for roughly 56 or 60 days. In this period, if there has been no fecundation, symptoms of pseudopregnancy or psychological pregnancy may appear. For more, take a look at our article on; Phantom Pregnancy In Dogs.
- Anestrus: between one cycle and another, there is a period of 3 months in which hormone changes should not occur. This is in the case that there has been no sign of dog pregnancy.
For more on the heat phases in female dogs, take a look at our article; Dog Heat Cycle Stages And Symptoms.
Dog Mating - what to consider
If you want your dog to have puppies and enjoy motherhood, you must first evaluate certain aspects; ensuring your dog is safe and comfortable throughout the process.
First, you should know what to do once the puppies have been weaned. Are there people willing to adopt the puppies? Is it the right time for your dog to have puppies? Are you able to provide for these animals as long as they are in your care? These are just some of the questions you should ask yourself before allowing your dog to mate.
Next, make sure that you have budgeted and can afford all the expenses that come with pregnancy. Basic expenses of dog pregnancy include; good quality food, ultrasound to monitor pregnancy, general veterinarian bills and required objects and materials. If problems arise during canine childbirth or pregnancy, these costs could go up considerably.
On the other hand, your female dog must be the appropriate age before mating/procreating. She must be more than 2 years old but less than 8, this however, can depend on the breed. Therefore, if you want your bitch to have puppies, we recommend consulting a veterinarian beforehand.
Finally, your dog must be in heat and in her estrus phase. If she is not in this phase, you might notice that she will act aggressively towards the male, and this act has to be receptive. As we said at the beginning, we do not recommend forcing any animal to experience or do anything it does not want to.
Dog mating - problems with mounting
There are several reasons why your bitch might not be accepting males, even if she is in heat. You must be aware of her behavior during this stage, ensuring you have sufficient knowledge on the subject. If you are worried, we also always recommend going to a veterinarian in order to receive a specialized consultation about your dog’s specific case.
First of all, make sure that your bitch is in heat and, above all, in the proper estrus phase. Additionally, you can also visit your veterinarian. A professional will be able to perform a cytology on the bitch to confirm their status.
It is necessary to know the ethology of the species and to know that not all males will be desirable for your bitch. Pheromones, mood and/or personality are all factors to consider. For example, bitches with a strong character may not be attracted to males with a more submissive personality. Likewise, it is important that the animals have met before, and have had an opportunity to play and interact. Also, make sure to choose a male according to the size and weight of the female. This is important so that neither suffers damage from weight support, and if the male is too large, the female could have problems giving birth to its puppies.
On the other hand, if your dog has suffered a traumatic experience with other dogs, it may have developed fears and insecurities. This may be a reason she will not accept being mounted and why she might react aggressively. In general, in this case, a dog usually behaves strangle, appears scared and fears other dogs and people. If this is the case, we recommend consulting a canine specialist or ethologist.
There are also many diseases that can cause a female dog to reject a male.Tumors, infections and other pathologies can make a dog appear in heat when it is not or cause pain and discomfort in the animal Under no circumstance should you force your dog to procreate, this could cause stress and anxiety in your dog; making her react aggressively. Contact your veterinarian if you receive any signs that your dog may be in pain.
Artificial insemination of dogs
If your dog is not accepting mounting but you want puppies, what can you do? Artificial insemination of dogs is a possible option. If this is done, it has to be under the supervision and with the constant guidance and consultation of a veterinarian. A professional will collect the semen of the ‘chosen’ male and introduce it to the female during her correct phase heat phase. This is why it is only something professional breeders with the time and resources should breed their dogs.
It is important to take into account that there are a large amount of dogs in the world without homes. For this reason, we have to recommend that one considers sterilization. Sterilization helps prevent health problems of a serious nature, such as uterine infections. In addition, adoption is always important since it prevents healthy dogs being put down. Giving a dog a home is a beneficial experience for both owner and dog.
Breeding our dogs at home adds to the crisis so many dogs find themselves in. Many disreputable breeders breed dogs without considering the impact this has on dog populations as a whole. Even reputable breeders are often worsening the problem since we don't have enough homes for the dogs we currently have.
For more, take a look at our article on why I don't want my dog to have puppies.
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