The 10 Highest-Jumping Animals in the World
All animals have evolved skills that help them survive in their environment. However, some animals have an extraordinary physical power that makes them real athletes. Some animals, for instance, can jump very high or for a very long distance - it looks almost as if they could fly through the air!
How do they do it? The ability to jump is the product of millions of years of evolution; flexibility, long legs, strength and lightness have allowed these animals to adapt to unfamiliar terrains, escape predators and survive.
Stay with us at AnimalWised and discover the 10 highest-jumping animals in the world - you'll be surprised!
How high can impalas jump?
The impala (Aepyceros melampus) is an African antelope recognized for its incredible speed. Although impalas do fall prey to predators like lions, they are certainly not easy to hunt. These beautiful creatures are too fast for their hunters, who become bored of chasing and decide to seek out different prey.
An impala can, in a single leap forward, jump up to 10 m (33 ft) forward and up to 3 m (9 ft 8) high. Impressive!
How high can froghoppers jump?
The family of froghoppers (Cercopoidea), known in their nymph stage as spittlebugs, are peculiarly-colored insects known for jumping 70 cm (27.5 in) high - about 100 their body length!
Although froghoppers are relatively heavy to be able to perform this feat, they make use of all of their bodily strength in each jump, making them one of the highest-jumping animals in the world. Could you jump even twice your own height?
How high can cougars jump?
Cougars, mountain lions or pumas (Puma concolor) are fast and powerful cats. These strong animals are amazing sprinters, and they can leap up to 5.5 m (18 ft) high. This makes them one of the highest-jumping animals in the world.
A cougar can reach speeds of 80 km/h (50 m/h) and has very powerful hind legs, although it can't maintain it for a long period. Furthermore, a cougar will spend much of its time stretching its legs, as if preparing for a marathon every day.
How high can fleas jump?
Fleas are an order of insects (Siphonaptera) that act as parasites to feed: they survive by jumping onto their hosts, biting their skin and sucking their blood. Once fed, fleas move onto a different host and bite again. They love to hide in the fur of dogs, horses and cats and, though they are tiny, you may see them jumping from one place to another.
Fleas move like they have been catapulted; this is because they have a spring-like mechanism in their legs. After they have finished feeding, fleas release their grip from the skin. While fleas are a nightmare for their hosts, one cannot ignore the extraordinary jumping abilities of these creatures. Dog fleas can jump up to 25 cm (10 in) high, which is 200 times their body length.
How high can dolphins jump?
It is a feast for the eyes to see dolphins fly through the air with their characteristic joy. Between one dive and another, a spinner dolphin (Stenella longirostris) can jump up to 3 m (10 ft) high out of the water; this species in particular is also able to perform all sorts of acrobatics, including spinning while jumping into the air.
Dolphins can alternate long leaps with fast swimming near the surface: this is called porpoising. They jump for many reasons: to save energy, to communicate, to spot prey or simply to express themselves. Here you can learn 10 fun facts about dolphins and the different types of river dolphins in the world.
How high can tree frogs jump?
All frogs seem to be made of rubber - especially tree frogs, like those in the Hylidae family. Frogs are very flexible and their muscles have developed to jump about 150 times their own height.
Tree frogs always keep their hind legs flexed, and when they need to they use their entire strength to stretch them out fully for maximum power, like a spring. Here you can find a guide to preparing a terrarium for a green tree frog.
How high can mountain goats jump?
Mountain goats (Oreamnos americanus) love jumping from one dangerous rock to another! These animals are heavy, but very strong and gile. Mountain goats can jump down steep slopes and cliffs, and they can also jump distances of almost 4 m (13 ft) long.
These animals jump frequently - and do so over long distances - without sustaining any injuries. This is because mountain goats have special concave and fully ergonomic pads that cushion the fall, reduce damage and relieve pressure on their cloven hooves.
How high can rabbits jump?
Many people who have rabbits as pets and keep them in cages or enclosed spaces do not know that rabbits are animals that love to jump. In the ideal world outside cages, these adorable creatures of the Leporidae family jump to find food and escape predators, besides diverting obstacles. Some rabbits can jump up to 1.5 m (4 ft 11) high and 3 m (9 ft 10) long.
However, European hares (Lepus europaeus) can jump even higher, reaching 4.5 m (15 ft) high. This looks like nothing compared to the white-tailed jackrabbit (Lepus townsendii), which can jump more than 6 m (19 ft 8) high. Rabbits and their relatives are definitely among the highest-jumping animals in the world!
How high can kangaroos jump?
If one animal is known for jumping, it is definitely the red kangaroo (Macropus rufus), the largest in its family. Kangaroos jump to travel instead of walking or running. In fact, they can jump at a speed of 60 km/h (37 m/h).
These large marsupials can jump up to 3 m (10 ft) high, which allows them to get over all sorts of obstacles. Red kangaroos use their tails as a fifth leg that helps them move more strongly and quickly. Here you can learn more about the differences between kangaroos and wallaby as well as how far can a kangaroo jump.
How high can kangaroo rats jump?
These rodents have been earned their name as a result of their long hind legs, which allow them to propel themselves for each jump. Kangaroo rats (Dipodomys) can jump more than 28 times their body length, more than any other rodent. In fact, kangaroo rats can jump up to 2.75 m (9 ft) high.
Besides being adorable, kangaroo rats are among the highest-jumping animals in the world. Here you can learn more about the kangaroo rat as a pet.
These are the 10 highest-jumping animals in the world. Which one is your favorite? Tell us in the comments section!
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