The List of Smartest Dog Breeds by Stanley Coren
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Ever wondered which dog breeds are the most intelligent? Well, professor and psychologist, Stanley Coren carried out an experiment where he evaluated hundreds of dog breeds to see which are the smartest.
Curious to know his conclusion? Then keep reading this AnimalWised article where we take a look at the list of smartest dogs according to Stanley Coren and his book “The Intelligence of Dogs”.
Who is Stanley Coren?
Stanley Coren is a psychologist and professor who wrote the famous book The Intelligence of Dogs in 1994. In it a world ranking of canine intelligence is established and three aspects of the intelligence of the dog are detailed:
- Instinctive intelligence: abilities that the dog possesses instinctively, such as sheepherding, guarding or company, among others.
- Adaptive intelligence: skills that dogs have to solve problems.
- Work intelligence and obedience: the ability to learn from a human being.
Coren wrote many other books about dogs and canine behaviour. However, his book on the intelligence of dogs caught a lot of attention. This book has been translated into 26 languages and has gone through 16 printings, making it an international hit.
How he evaluated the dog breeds
The classification of Stanley Coren is based on the results of different tests of work and obedience carried out by the AKC (American Kennel Club) and CKC (Canadian Kennel Club) on 199 dogs. It is important to note that not all canine breeds were included.
Thus, the list finally suggests that:
- Smarter races (1-10): comprise commands with less than 5 repetitions and generally obey the first order.
- Excellent work races (11-26): comprise new commands in 5 and 15 repetitions, usually obey 80% of the time.
- Labor races above average (27-39): comprise new orders between 15 and 25 repetitions. They usually respond in 70% of cases.
- Medium Intelligence in Work and Obedience (40-54) : These dogs need between 40 and 80 repetitions to understand an order. They respond 30% of the time.
- Low intelligence in work and obedience (55-79): They learn new orders between 80 and 100 repetitions. They do not always obey, only in 25% of cases.
Stanley Coren elaborated this list to locate the intelligence of the dogs in terms of work and obedience. However, it is not a representative result since each dog has the ability to respond better or worse, regardless of race, age or sex. Dedicated training and appropriate care will result in a well-behaved, more obedient dog.
Classification of dogs according to Stanley Coren:
1. Border Collie
3. German shepherd
4. Golden Retriever
6. Shetland Sheepdog
10. Australian Cattle Dog
11. Pembroke Welsh Corgi
12. Miniature Schnauzer
13. English Springer Spaniel
15. Schipperke - Groenedael
16. Keeshond the wolf spitz
17. German Short Haired Braco
18. Flat-Coated Retriever - English Cocker Spaniel - Medium Schnauzer
19. Brittany Spaniel
20. American Cocker Spaniel
21. Weimar Brace
22. Belgian shepherd laekenois - Belgian shepherd malinois - Bernese Sheepdog
24. Irish Water Dog
26. Cardigan Welsh Corgi
27. Chesapeake Bay Retriever - Puli - Yorkshire Terrier
38. Giant Schnauzer - Portuguese Water Dog
39. Airedale - Bouvier des Flandres
40. Border Terrier - Brie Shepherd
41. Springer spaniel
42. Manchester Terrier
44. Field Spaniel - Newfoundland - Australian Terrier - American Staffordshire Terrier - Scottish Setter - Bearded Collie
45. Cairn terrier - Kerry Blue Terrier - Irish Setter
46. Norwegian Elkhound
47. Affenpinscher - Silky Terrier - Miniature Pinscher - English Setter - Pharaon Hound - Clumber Spaniel
48. Norwich terrier
50. Smooth Fox Terrier - Bedlington Terrier
51. Curly-coated Retriever - Irish Wolfhound
52. Kuvasz - Australian Shepherd
53. Saluki - Finnish Spitz
54. Cavalier King Charles Spaniel - Black-and-tan Coonhound - American Water Spaniel
55. Siberian Husky - Bichon Frisé - English Toy Spaniel
56. Tibetan Spaniel - Foxhound English - American Foxhound - Otterhound - Greyhound - Wire-haired pointing griffon
57.West Highland White Terrier - Scottish Deerhound
58. Boxer - Great dane
59. Teckel - Staffordshire Bull Terrier
60. Alaskan Malamute
61. Whippet - Shar-Pei - Wire-haired Fox Terrier
62. Rhodesian Ridgeback
63. Ibizan hound - Welsh Terrier - Irish Terrier
64. Boston Terrier - Akita Inu
65. Skye Terrier
66. Norfolk Terrier - Sealhyam Terrier
68. French Bulldog
69. Belgian Griffon - Maltese Terrier
70. Italian greyhound
71. Chinese Crested Dog
72. Dandie Dinmont terrier - Vendeen - Tibetan Mastiff - Japanese Chin - Lakeland Terrier
73. Old English shepherd
74. Great Pyrenees
75. Scottish Terrier - Saint Bernard
76. English Bull Terrier
78. Lhasa apso
80. Shih Tzu
81. Basset hound
82. Mastiff - Beagle
84. Bloodhound - San Humberto dog
86. Chow chow
87. English bulldog
89. Afghan Hound
You may also want to check out our video about the top 5 most intelligent dog breeds in the world.
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